anchovy


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anchovy,

small fish of the family Engraulidae, found mainly in the temperate waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans and the Mediterranean and Black seas. The commercially significant anchovy species belong to the genus Engraulis, which includes the European and Californian anchovy and the Peruvian anchoveta. Commercial anchovies, which are caught for food, fishmeal, and fish oil, are typically 5–6 in. (13–15 cm) long when caught, but the California anchovy can reach nearly 10 in. (25 cm) in length. Anchovies harvested for the Italian and Spanish markets are usually cured by a process involving fermentation, but they may also be pickled in vinegar. Anchovies also are significant as food for larger predatory fish. Anchovy species fluctuate in response to natural conditions, e.g., the anchovies off Peru are adversely affected by El NiñoEl Niño–Southern Oscillation
(ENSO) , large-scale climatic fluctuation of the tropical Pacific Ocean and the overlying atmosphere. The El Niño [Span.
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. Anchovies are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Clupeiformes, family Engraulidae.

anchovy

[′an‚chō·vē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any member of the Engraulidae, a family of herringlike fishes harvested commercially for human consumption.

anchovy

any of various small marine food fishes of the genus Engraulis and related genera, esp E. encrasicolus of S Europe: family Clupeidae (herrings). They have a salty taste and are often tinned or made into a paste or essence
References in periodicals archive ?
Europe and China (the three largest markets), there is an ongoing shift in the preferences of dietary supplement users away from refined anchovy oils, and toward concentrates of higher concentrations.
The government had expected anchovy catches to rise at least 30 percent this year before signs of El Nino started to emerge.
Many of the world's largest fisheries focus on forage species, including Peruvian anchovy, Atlantic herring, and chub mackerel.
The lipid amount of the Azov Sea anchovy can amount to up to 30% of fresh weight and shows seasonal variations.
Place 1 anchovy slice and 1 pepper strip in each olive.
Ocean Nutrition has worked with the Association of Peruvian Anchovy Producers for more than a year now to discuss the opportunities an MSC ecolabel presents to both the association and ONC," said ONC's Chief Operating Officer, Daniel Emond.
Gil Comes is supplying the new 99mm x 46mm PeelSeam[TM] closure for the anchovy product line it supplies under the "Hacendado" brand name to Mercadona, Spain's largest retailer and is the first filler to adopt this end on the cans.
This idea works brilliantly with lamb - small incisions can be made into the meat and little pieces of anchovy pushed into the slits to infuse in the meat.
Bay anchovy (Anchoa mitchilli) (Engraulidae) is a coastal species distributed broadly in the western Atlantic from Maine to Mexico.
At the same time; fishing of the Peruvian anchovy, a major food source for the seabirds who nest on the coastal islands (and produce all that guano) increased, fueled by the growth of the aquaculture industry--the anchovies are typically ground into a meal to be fed to the fish on aquafarms.
For any curious anglers, one quick way to identify an anchovy is that an anchovy's top jaw protrudes farther than the lower jaw; the reverse is true for sardines and other fish in the herring family.
There are actually at least seven species of anchovy in Florida waters.