anchovy


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anchovy,

small fish of the family Engraulidae, found mainly in the temperate waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans and the Mediterranean and Black seas. The commercially significant anchovy species belong to the genus Engraulis, which includes the European and Californian anchovy and the Peruvian anchoveta. Commercial anchovies, which are caught for food, fishmeal, and fish oil, are typically 5–6 in. (13–15 cm) long when caught, but the California anchovy can reach nearly 10 in. (25 cm) in length. Anchovies harvested for the Italian and Spanish markets are usually cured by a process involving fermentation, but they may also be pickled in vinegar. Anchovies also are significant as food for larger predatory fish. Anchovy species fluctuate in response to natural conditions, e.g., the anchovies off Peru are adversely affected by El NiñoEl Niño–Southern Oscillation
(ENSO) , large-scale climatic fluctuation of the tropical Pacific Ocean and the overlying atmosphere. The El Niño [Span.
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. Anchovies are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Clupeiformes, family Engraulidae.

anchovy

[′an‚chō·vē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any member of the Engraulidae, a family of herringlike fishes harvested commercially for human consumption.

anchovy

any of various small marine food fishes of the genus Engraulis and related genera, esp E. encrasicolus of S Europe: family Clupeidae (herrings). They have a salty taste and are often tinned or made into a paste or essence
References in periodicals archive ?
Given the importance of pelagic fishing in northern Chile, this study analyzes a modelling of anchovy and sardine landing predictions up to 2065 using ANNs models under a climate change scenario.
The aim of the present study is to clarify the features of anchovy sperm and time course changes in sperm motility using such a CASA system, which should provide basic knowledge about male reproduction of a multiple spawning teleost.
Refined anchovy oils were the largest category of oil consumed, accounting for 49.4% of the global volume.
Fishermen in Peru caught about a third of the typical anchovy catch last year because of warmer seas - dragging down overall economic growth and squeezing fishmeal prices.
Remove pan from oven and add remaining anchovy butter to pan to melt.
With an annual catch of around five million tonnes, the Peruvian anchovy fishery is both the largest and the least known fishery on the planet.
Put the 36 anchovy fillets into a bowl or jar, sprinkle over the garlic, lemon zest and parsley and then drizzle with the rapeseed oil.
One of the effects of the entrance of waters coming from the Ribeira River into the estuary is the occurrence of the anadromous anchovy species during its reproductive season, that today enters the estuary through the Icapara Bar.
For any curious anglers, one quick way to identify an anchovy is that an anchovy's top jaw protrudes farther than the lower jaw; the reverse is true for sardines and other fish in the herring family.
The European Union decided, on 23 July, to cut by 17% the quota for anchovy fishing in the Bay of Biscay during the 2013-2014 season, due to further deterioration of the stock in this zone.
The most ubiquitous abundant fish in estuaries and shallow nearshore waters on the east coast of the United States is the bay anchovy, Anchoa mitchilli.
In a joint statement, France and Spain note that their approval of the measure 'does not prejudice their position in the negotiations on a Commission draft regulation to establish a long-term management plan' for anchovy stocks in the region.