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Related to Ancylostomiasis: ascariasis, enterobiasis
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a disease in foxes, dogs, and other carnivores caused by small (9–21 mm long) roundworms, Ancylostoma, which are parasitic in the small intestine. Ancylostomiasis is encountered chiefly in the Far East and southern USSR. The female parasite lays eggs, which are eliminated in the feces of the invaded host into the environment. Mobile larvae develop from the eggs and through the skin or mouth of the animal (in swallowing) penetrate the organism and settle in the intestine, becoming sexually mature parasites.

Ancylostomiasis is accompanied by a loss of appetite, vomiting (sometimes with blood), constipation, and emaciation. Death is possible in severe cases. Treatment involves anthelmintic drugs such as carbon tetrachloride and tet-rachlorethylene.

Ancylostomiasis can cause substantial economic loss for fur farms. For prophylactic purposes the animals are kept in cages with mesh bottoms. The cages are heat treated (for example, with the flame of a blow torch). Animals that may be infested are periodically treated for the worms.


Shevtsov, A. A. Veterinarnaia parazitologiia. Moscow, 1965.
Antipin, D. N. “Ankilostomoz.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The authors recommend that local public health authorities focus on the zoonotic diseases rated as "high priority" but note that special attention should also be given to the diseases ranked as "low priority" (ancylostomiasis, scabies, ringworm, and trichinellosis).
TABLE 6--Structure of contagious diseases in the population of soldiers treated in UNIFIL Hospital from 1993 to 2000 (N = 139) Year of Parasitic Trichuriasis Ancylostomiasis examination diseases 1993 40 7 10 1994 12 2 4 1995 2 0 0 1996 4 0 0 1997 7 0 0 1998 11 0 0 1999 11 2 0 2000 3 0 0 Number of patients 90 11 14 Number of infestations 123 21 20 (partly multiple) Year of Giardiasis Ascariasis Strongyloidosis examination 1993 8 1 0 1994 2 0 1 1995 0 0 0 1996 1 0 0 1997 4 0 0 1998 0 1 7 1999 0 1 2 2000 0 1 0 Number of patients 15 4 10 Number of infestations 18 11 10 (partly multiple) Source: UNIFIL.
Another puzzling condition caused by contact with dog stool is hookworm--also known as ancylostomiasis. This is an infestation of small, round, blood-sucking worms of either the Necator americanus or Ancylostoma duodenale type.
(including V cholerae) Giardiasis Amebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) Leishmaniasis Tuberculosis Brucellosis Leptospirosis Echinococcosis (hydatid disease) Typhus (epidemic, endemic) Relapsing fever, tick and louse-borne Trachoma Intestinal helminth infections (ascariasis, enterobiasis, trichuriasis) Hookworm infection (ancylostomiasis) Tapeworm infection (taeniasis) Strongyloidiasis Sandfly fever Other arboviral fevers Dengue fever Boutonneuse fever Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) Korean hemorrhagic fever Rift Valley fever Viral hepatitis (A, B, C, D, E) Meningococcal meningitis Syphilis (endemic, Bejel) Anthrax Q fever Rabies Plague Malaria Onchocerciasis Schistosomiasis Dracunculiasis Hymenolepiasis