anencephaly

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anencephaly

[‚an‚en′sef·ə·lē]
(medicine)
A neural tube defect resulting in gross underdevelopment of the brain in fetal life.
References in periodicals archive ?
That procedure was carried out on June 3; the anencephalic newborn died five hours later.
Since anencephalic newborns have no brain cortex, brain blood flow and EEG which are used to determine brain death are meaningless.
For instance, it has been argued that while anencephalic infants have functioning brainstems, placing them in a "special category of death" could make them eligible as brain dead donors.
The medical team successfully separated Huda from her anencephalic twin.
2) Even some newborns have limited viability, such as the anencephalic that can never become a person.
Expression was lowest in the anencephalic case (MV1); higher in the 2 cases with ventriculomegaly, "lemon-shaped head", and missing closure of the neural tube in the lumbosacral region (MV4 and MV13).
This informational material examines an issue of crucial importance in public health: the situation of women who are pregnant with an anencephalic (headless) fetus and their demands for "induced delivery.
On the supply side, troubling questions are raised regarding the acceptability of using unorthodox sources of organs such as anencephalic infants, (6) animals, (7) fetuses, (8) and non brain-dead persons.
Brazil's highest court restored the right to life of anencephalic babies in the country by reversing a July ruling that legalized abortion of unborn children diagnosed with the condition.
For example, a woman in her third trimester who discovers she is carrying an anencephalic fetus (a fetus without a cranium) would be a prime candidate for an abortion performed in a hospital.
At the same time, for the feminist journalist Marta Vasallo, "the Vatican campaign has had such an impact in Latin America that rulings granting women 'permission' for tubal ligations or interruption of anencephalic pregnancies now appear as great achievements when the Argentine Penal Code has permitted therapeutic abortion all along.
But the aptness of his definition for banning killing in abortion, anencephalic infants, and patients in a permanent vegetative state (PVS) is less apparent.