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1. the conduct of the affairs of government
2. the executive branch of government along with the public service; the government as a whole
3. Chiefly US the political executive, esp of the US; the government
4. Chiefly US a government board, agency, authority, etc.
5. Property law
a. the conduct or disposal of the estate of a deceased person
b. the management by a trustee of an estate subject to a trust
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) Management or direction.

(2) Formal bureaucratic management, conducted merely by orders and edicts; a commanding that ignores the role of the masses in the management of socialist production.



(1) In the broad sense, administration refers to all the managerial activities of a state, which Marx called “the organizational activity of the state” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 440). The state administration of the USSR consists of the executive agencies of the state which exercise managerial functions—that is, the day-to-day management of economic, social, cultural, administrative, and political development in the Soviet socialist state.

(2) In the narrower sense, administration refers to the officials of an institution or enterprise. For instance, the director of an enterprise and his deputies or the head of a higher educational institution and his deputies constitute the administration of the enterprise or higher educational institution, respectively.

The actions of Soviet administration are governed by law. The general legal principles governing the actions of the state administration are set forth in the USSR Constitution and the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics. The legal status and the competence of administrations of enterprises and institutions are specified in the charter of the institution. The Party organization in CPSU enterprises have the right, in conformity with the rules of the CPSU, to monitor the actions of the administration (art. 59). The work of administration is greatly assisted by the trade union organizations or enterprises and institutions, by permanent production conferences, and other organizations. The relations between different levels of administration are based on the principles of democratic centralism.

Every administration is invested with the necessary rights to fulfill the duties it is charged with—for instance, the right to issue acts of administration, to hire and dismiss workers and employees, and to reward and discipline subordinates. The administration of an institution or enterprise represents its interests with respect to outside parties. It concludes agreements, pleads in court, and represents the institution or enterprise in arbitration and other state agencies as well as in public organizations.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Model predicative control (MPC) algorithm is an optimal control algorithm which is also used for Propofol anesthesia administration. It has a number of features, such as BIS tracking, noise rejection, and disturbance handling capability.
The new variant of predicative control is the robust predicative control algorithm which has been applied in anesthesia administration [48].
Immediately 89 (51%) 75 (41%) 164 (46%) Within 3 months 33 (19%) 60 (33%) 93 (26%) 4 to 12 months 24 (14%) 30 (16%) 54 (15%) Over one year 28 (16%) 18 (10%) 46 (13%) Table V: Local Anesthesia Practice Statistics of Curriculum (1) and Continuing Education (2) Based Permit L Holders CU Based CE Based Total n (Percent) n (Percent) n (Percent) On average, what is the success rate of your local anesthesia administration? 95 to 100% 89 (68%) 108 (69%) 197 (68.5%) 85 to 94% 28 (21%) 35 (22%) 63 (22%) 75 to 84% 10 (8%) 9 (6%) 19 (6.5%) 51 to 74% 4 (3%) 5 (3%) 9 (3%) <50% 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) What patient complications, local or systemic, have you encountered as a result of your local anesthesia administration?
The delegation of local anesthesia administration by dental hygiene employers has been frequently reported using survey model research within individual states.
Previous studies have also demonstrated that utilization of local anesthesia administration by dental hygienists varies by practice type, with the highest frequency of usage occurring in periodontal practices.
(5) States were included if they had included local anesthesia administration by the dental hygienists for at least one year.
While local anesthesia administration by dental hygienists has grown to be an integral component of dental hygiene practice, and has shown few, if any, adverse reactions, the administration of local anesthetic is not totally free from risk.
This survey was conducted to assess local anesthesia administration by dental hygienists following an approved Minnesota CE course.
In a survey by Rich and Smorang of 1980 graduate dental hygienists who took the California State Board, 88.9% of all employers delegated local anesthesia administration to dental hygienists--100% of periodontists and 86% of general dentists.