Renin

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renin

[′rēn·ən]
(biochemistry)
A proteolytic enzyme produced in the afferent glomerular arteriole which reacts with the plasma component hypertensinogen to produce angiotensin II.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Renin

 

a proteolytic enzyme in vertebrates and humans. It is produced by specialized cells in the arteriole walls of renal glomeruli, from where it passes into the blood and lymph. Renin is one of the enzymes in the renin-angiotensin system. It acts on the specific glycoprotein angiotensinogen by breaking the bond between two leucine radicals. The resultant inactive decapeptide (angiotensin I) is enzymatically converted into the active hormone angiotensin II (hypertensin, or angiotonin). Enzymes resembling renin are found in the uterus, placenta, salivary glands, brain, and the walls of certain major arteries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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