Cheilitis

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Related to angular cheilitis: perleche, angular stomatitis

Cheilitis

 

inflammation of the skin, red border, and mucosa of the lips. Cheilitis has many causes; for example, it may occur as a manifestation of any one of several diseases, including lupus erythematosus. The condition is characterized by reddening, edema, burning, itching, and formation of blisters, ulcers, cracks, scales, and serous-bloody crusts. Acute cheilitis is manifested by eczema or an allergic reaction to a chemical irritant, for example, lipstick or toothpaste. Mycotic cheilitis is caused by yeast fungi, and actinic cheilitis results from prolonged exposure to solar radiation. Exfoliative cheilitis is an inflammation resulting from functional disorders of the nervous system; superficial and deep impetiginous glandular cheilitis is caused by purulent inflammation of the accessory salivary glands.

Treatment is directed toward removing the basic cause. Corticosteroids (in the form of creams and ointments), vitamins, and aqueous solutions of aniline dyes may be applied. Treatment may also include rinsing the mouth with a twoto five-percent soda solution.

REFERENCE

Pashkov, B. M., B. G. Stoianov, and A. L. Mashkilleison. Porazheniia slizistoi obolochki rta i gub pri nekotorykh dermatozakh i sifilise. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
Angular cheilitis occurs more commonly in diabetics, in patients with some psychiatric disorders (e.g., lip trauma in bulimics or in anorexia nervosa), during certain drug therapy (e.g., isotretinoin), and somewhat less frequently in primary hypervitaminosis A.
Boy with hypohidrotic ED displaying scarce, fine, and silky hair, alopecia of the eyebrows, prominent frontal bossing, discrete deformity and low implantation of the ear (a and b), angular cheilitis (arrow), dry and scaly skin, and perioral dermatitis and fissures (c).
Lip swelling (78%, n=7/9) and angular cheilitis (67%, n=6/9) were the most common orofacial features of OFG.
Grade Definition 0 No thrush 1 Painless white, curdy-like plaques in the throat area 2 White, curdy-like plaques in throat and spread over tongue 3 Severe thrush in throat, tongue with difficulty to swallow 4 Severe thrush in throat, over tongue, with ulcerations and bleeding and or angular cheilitis, difficulty to swallow
There is some evidence demonstrating that antifungals effectively treat angular cheilitis. A prospective, double-blind, placebocontrolled study of 8 patients compared the efficacy of nystatin with placebo ointment.
He said it's called angular cheilitis and is more common in older people.
They may also exhibit angular cheilitis, glossitis, weight loss, and depression.
Oral manifestations in patients with Plummer Vinson syndrome includes all the features of iron deficiency anemia like stomatitis, glossitis, angular cheilitis, erythematous mucositis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, pale oral mucosa, oral candidiasis, dry mouth in 49.3% of patients, burning mouth in 76-100% of patients, lingual varicosity in 56%, oral lichen planus in 33.3%, recurrent aphthous ulceration in 25.33%, and early loss of teeth.
Other rarer conditions were pigmentation, glossitis, nutritional angular cheilitis, herpetic stomatitis, aphthous stomatitis, oral lichen planus and StevenJohnson syndrome.
They include traumatic ulcers, denture stomatitis, denture irritation hyperplasia, angular cheilitis, flabby ridges, and oral carcinomas.