animal husbandry


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animal husbandry,

aspect of agricultureagriculture,
science and practice of producing crops and livestock from the natural resources of the earth. The primary aim of agriculture is to cause the land to produce more abundantly and at the same time to protect it from deterioration and misuse.
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 concerned with the care and breedingbreeding,
in agriculture and animal husbandry, propagation of plants and animals by sexual reproduction; usually based on selection of parents with desirable traits to produce improved progeny.
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 of domestic animals such as cattle, goats, sheep, hogs, and horses. Domestication of wild animal species was a crucial achievement in the prehistoric transition of human civilization from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. The first domesticated livestock animal may have been the sheep, which was tamed around 9000 B.C. in N Iraq. By about 7000 B.C. (and perhaps much earlier) the pig was domesticated in Anatolia; around 6500 B.C. domestic goats were kept in Mesopotamia; by 5900 B.C. (and perhaps 3,000 years earlier) there were domesticated cattle in Chad, while independently about 5500 B.C. there were domesticated cattle in SW Iran; and around 3500 B.C. the horse was domesticated on the Eurasian steppes. Nothing is known of the early development of husbandry; selective breeding for the improvement of livestock was already practiced in Roman times. Continuing systematic development and improvement of domestic livestock breeds, established in England following 1760 by Robert Bakewell and others, has been paralleled by advances in animal nutritionnutrition,
study of the materials that nourish an organism and of the manner in which the separate components are used for maintenance, repair, growth, and reproduction. Nutrition is achieved in various ways by different forms of life.
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 and veterinary medicineveterinary medicine,
diagnosis and treatment of diseases of animals. An early interest in animal diseases is found in ancient Greek writings on medicine. Veterinary medicine began to achieve the stature of a science with the organization of the first school in the field in
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.

animal husbandry

[′an·ə·məl ′həz·bən·drē]
(agriculture)
A branch of agriculture concerned with the breeding and feeding of domestic animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
A vast herd of fictitious livestock was created, for which food, medicines and animal husbandry equipment were fictitiously purchased.
In the first part the importance is rightly given to both to agriculture and animal husbandry to organize them on modern and scientific lines; but in the second part agriculture is conveniently left out (Invisible Injustice) and focused only on the animal husbandry and directed the states to preserve and improve the breeds of animals, meaning all animals but only animals and no crop plants.
The Director General Animal Husbandry Aslam Pervaiz Umrani, Director General Fisheries Ghulam Mohammad Mahar, Director Animal Husbandry Hyderabad Mushtaque Hussain Jokhio, Director Animal Planning Abdul Qadir Junejo, Director Jamil Ahmed Shaikh and other officials were also present.
To enhance performance of the livestock sector, efforts were under way to over come the shortage of high yielding and efficient breeds, effective disease control, availability of quality feed and proper animal husbandry in the country, he added.
Meanwhile, only seven animal husbandry companies have been ranked among Turkey's top 1,000 firms, while only three of them were ranked in the first 500.
Under the principle, imports of animal husbandry products are allowed from a country, which is free from animal disease.
Based on rapid tests on chickens at Montong Betok village, Montong Gading sub district, bird flu or avian influenza had infected local poultry, ANTARA quoted the head of the East Lombok Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Office Khalid Tarmizi as saying on Monday.
Eker, for his part, asked for expansion of ties in agriculture, animal husbandry and agricultural soil.
Agriculture, animal husbandry and food and civil supply ministers of Rajasthan, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh.
China Animal Husbandry Industry Co Ltd, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the manufacture and distribution of animal feeds, veterinary medicines, and biological products.
Finnish trading house Kesko Corporation said on Friday (6 July) that its subsidiary Kesko Agro Ltd has signed an agreement with the Finnish company Mestarifarmi Oy concerning animal husbandry machinery and production building business operations.

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