animal husbandry


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animal husbandry,

aspect of agricultureagriculture,
science and practice of producing crops and livestock from the natural resources of the earth. The primary aim of agriculture is to cause the land to produce more abundantly and at the same time to protect it from deterioration and misuse.
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 concerned with the care and breedingbreeding,
in agriculture and animal husbandry, propagation of plants and animals by sexual reproduction; usually based on selection of parents with desirable traits to produce improved progeny.
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 of domestic animals such as cattle, goats, sheep, hogs, and horses. Domestication of wild animal species was a crucial achievement in the prehistoric transition of human civilization from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. The first domesticated livestock animal may have been the sheep, which was tamed around 9000 B.C. in N Iraq. By about 7000 B.C. (and perhaps much earlier) the pig was domesticated in Anatolia; around 6500 B.C. domestic goats were kept in Mesopotamia; by 5900 B.C. (and perhaps 3,000 years earlier) there were domesticated cattle in Chad, while independently about 5500 B.C. there were domesticated cattle in SW Iran; and around 3500 B.C. the horse was domesticated on the Eurasian steppes. Nothing is known of the early development of husbandry; selective breeding for the improvement of livestock was already practiced in Roman times. Continuing systematic development and improvement of domestic livestock breeds, established in England following 1760 by Robert Bakewell and others, has been paralleled by advances in animal nutritionnutrition,
study of the materials that nourish an organism and of the manner in which the separate components are used for maintenance, repair, growth, and reproduction. Nutrition is achieved in various ways by different forms of life.
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 and veterinary medicineveterinary medicine,
diagnosis and treatment of diseases of animals. An early interest in animal diseases is found in ancient Greek writings on medicine. Veterinary medicine began to achieve the stature of a science with the organization of the first school in the field in
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.

animal husbandry

[′an·ə·məl ′həz·bən·drē]
(agriculture)
A branch of agriculture concerned with the breeding and feeding of domestic animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying said in a statement that the National Livestock Mission is "designed to cover all the activities required to ensure quantitative and qualitative improvement in livestock production systems" and capacity building of all stakeholders.
The animal husbandry and dairy production department expects that these farms will not only generate an income to the tune of Rs383 million per annum, but also benefit thousands of people in different ways.
"It is an important area of animal husbandry that is often forgotten about.
The Director General Animal Husbandry Aslam Pervaiz Umrani, Director General Fisheries Ghulam Mohammad Mahar, Director Animal Husbandry Hyderabad Mushtaque Hussain Jokhio, Director Animal Planning Abdul Qadir Junejo, Director Jamil Ahmed Shaikh and other officials were also present.
Meanwhile, only seven animal husbandry companies have been ranked among Turkey's top 1,000 firms, while only three of them were ranked in the first 500.
18/2009 in animal husbandry, Indonesia adopts the country base not zone base principle to prevent the spread of bird flu from abroad.
Based on rapid tests on chickens at Montong Betok village, Montong Gading sub district, bird flu or avian influenza had infected local poultry, ANTARA quoted the head of the East Lombok Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Office Khalid Tarmizi as saying on Monday.
China Animal Husbandry Industry Co Ltd, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the manufacture and distribution of animal feeds, veterinary medicines, and biological products.
Finnish trading house Kesko Corporation said on Friday (6 July) that its subsidiary Kesko Agro Ltd has signed an agreement with the Finnish company Mestarifarmi Oy concerning animal husbandry machinery and production building business operations.
Part two addresses the practices of animal husbandry in the "new world," demonstrating how colonists used assumptions about the keeping of livestock to both measure and rectify the deficiencies of native society.
The BIVI-sponsored dairy profit seminar, Animal Husbandry for the Next Century, featured three animal welfare and handling specialists and a moderator who incorporates and promotes the use of science-based handling practices in her own beef operation.

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