anionic detergent


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Related to anionic detergent: cationic detergent, nonionic detergent

anionic detergent

[¦a‚nī¦än·ik di′tər·jənt]
(materials)
A class of detergents having a negatively charged surface-active ion, such as sodium alkylbenzene sulfonate.
References in periodicals archive ?
To inhibit the activity of endogenous phosphodiesterase, we used an anionic detergent at a final concentration of 2.5 g/L.
The use of 160 parts per million (ppm) or 320 ppm available chlorine with an anionic detergent in wash water resulted in a 99.8 percent reduction of bacteria [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 3 OMITTED] [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 4 OMITTED] in the wash water and a 99.4 percent reduction in CFU/[cm.sup.2] for a cotton swatch (12).
Possible agents include bacterial toxins (e.g., Staphy-lococcus aureus enterotoxin and Bacillus cereus emetic toxin); mycotoxins (e.g., deoxynivalenol [DON], acetyl-deoxynivalenol, and other tricothecenes), trace metals, nonmetal ions (e.g., fluorine, bromine, and iodine), plant toxins (e.g., alkaloids such as solanines, opiates, ipecac, and ergot; lectins such as phytohemagglutinin; and glycosides), pesticides (e.g., pyrethrins, organophosphates, and chlorinated hydrocarbons), food additives (e.g., bromate, glutamate, nitrite, salicylate, sorbate, and sulfite), detergents (e.g., anionic detergents and quaternary amines), fat-soluble vitamins, spoilage factors (e.g., biogenic amines, putrefaction, and free fatty acids), or an unknown toxin.