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ani (äˈnē), bird: see cuckoo.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a castle and fort of medieval Armenia, on the right bank of the Akhurian (Arpachai) River; in Kars Vilayet in Turkey. In the fifth to eighth centuries it was the possession of the Kamsarakan princes and later of the Bagratids, under whom Ani became the capital of the Ani kingdom (from 961). In the tenth to 13th centuries, Ani was the largest economic, political, and cultural center of Armenia. It was seized in 1045 by Byzantium and in 1064 by the Seljuks, who laid waste to it. In 1199, together with a part of northern Armenia, Ani became part of the Georgian kingdom. Around the turn of the 13th century it underwent a renewed flowering. In 1236 it was taken by the Mongols and destroyed; from the 14th century it lost its significance. In the 16th century Ani is mentioned as a village. In 1878 it was annexed to Russia, and after World War I it passed to Turkey.

Ruins of Ani, which was one of the most important centers of Armenian architecture of the tenth to 14th centuries, have been preserved. The ruins of a palace, hotels, cathedrals, and other constructions and of city blocks were discovered during excavations in 1892–93 and 1904–16. Among the valuable monuments were remains of thick fort walls with towers (989), which had been repeatedly built up and fortified during the 11th to 13th centuries; a magnificent cathedral (989–1001; with a cupola-type, three-aisled basilica) and the circular, tiered Church of Gregory (Gagikashen; 1001–10), built by the architect Trdat; the exquisite multiapse concentric Church of Abugamrents (the Church of Gregory; second half of the tenth century), the Church of the Savior (1036), and the Church of the Shepherdess (11th century [?]); the Cathedral of Ripsime of the Devichii Monastery (13th century); the Church of Tigran Onents (1215) of the type of a cupola hall with carved ornamentation and frescoes; the gavit (church entrance) of the Church of the Apostles (13th century), with a flat stone mosaic ceiling; and the palace of the paron (12th-13th centuries). A unique round statue of King Gagik I, holding a model of the church (the model was not preserved), was found in the Gagikashen Church.


Marr, N. Ia. Ani: Knizhnaia istoriia goroda i raskopki na meste gorodishcha. Leningrad-Moscow, 1934.
Arutiunian, V. Gorod Ani. Yerevan, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


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(1) See animated cursor.

(2) (Automatic Number Identification) A telephone service that transmits the billing number (BN) and the telephone number of the incoming call. ANI identifies the calling party for toll call billing and enables the call to be routed to the appropriate long distance service provider. ISDN supports ANI by carrying the calling telephone number in the D channel. ACD systems use the billing number to query a database and retrieve the customer's records. See Caller ID, ACD and CNAM.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Siti also said that Anis had lodged a police report immediately after leaving home as protection, claiming that Anis had gone on June 21 to give a statement to Jais but the event was allegedly an 'entrapment' by Jais and the police who were waiting to catch her.
Fadzil said police personnel who were escorting Anis at the hospital had lodged a report claiming that Siti had barged into the ward despite being stopped by security personnel, adding that the 'victim' had refused to cooperate on June 23 when police managed to trace her to Siti's house and had locked herself in.
Kajang district police chief Asst Comm Ahmad Dzaffir Mohd Yusoff said Anis was taken to the Kajang IPD for further investigations after she was 'rescued', adding that Siti then came to the IPD at around 11pm.
In the Facebook video, Siti rubbished the idea that she would even kidnap Anis, also urging the home minister to look into the police's alleged 'high-handed' actions in raiding her house without first seeking clarification from her.
Benazir Income Support Programme Chairperson Marvi Memon also visited Anis Ahmed in Jakarta hospital during her official tour in July.
A source, who requested anonymity, told Malay Mail that the hospital took Anis' bodily fluids without her consent or a police warrant before Siti arrived at the hospital.
The source said that allegations concerning Anis' mental health were unfounded, claiming that the woman's mother had never sought psychiatric help.
Last night's troubles began when the police entered Siti's home and took Anis while the lawyer was away.
In high school, Ani became a member of the track team and a member of the girls' swim team.
Alana explained appropriate behavior on the swim deck, demonstrated proper etiquette at swim meets, and rewrote Ani's swim notes and sent them home with her.
While Ani muddled through, it was clear she was lost without Alana and the other girls weren't interested in picking up the slack.
In Ani's senior year, an email from the parent of the captain was sent to the swim girls.