Annalists

(redirected from annalist)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to annalist: analyst
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Annalists

 

the first ancient Roman historians to write in prose and arrange events in chronological sequence, annually (hence the title annalists). The works of the annalists were marked by a patriotic bias. They are divided into the elder (third to the first half of the second centuries B.C.), middle (second half of the second century B.C.), and younger annalists (first half of the first century B.C.); sometimes the middle and younger annalists are merged together.

The elder annalists employed fasti (the list of high magistrates), annals, family chronicles, the evidence of witnesses, and their own observations as sources, which on the whole made for the reliability of their information; they wrote primarily in Greek. The best known are Quintus Fabius Pictor (the author of the Annals, in which he gives an account of Roman history from legendary times [Aeneas] to the end of the second Punic War [201 B.C.]), L. Cincius Alimentus, M. Porcius Cato the Elder, and others. The middle annalists used the same sources as the elders but enlivened their exposition with curiosities (as, for example, L. Cassius Hemina) or attempted to provide a rational explanation of myths (L. Calpurnius Piso). The works of the younger annalists are less reliable: to be entertaining, they resorted to exaggeration, dramatic effects, and even fabrication, frequently carrying over the political and social motives of their own times into remote epochs. The younger annalists include Claudius Quadrigarius, Valerius Antias, Alius Tubero, and others. The middle and younger annalists wrote in Latin.

The works of the annalists have reached us either in small fragments or by mention of later historians—Titus Livius (Livy), Plutarch, and others. Fragments of the works of the annalists were published in Historicorum romanorum fragmenta, edited by H. Peter, Leipzig, 1883.

I. L. MAIAK

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the same period, Ferenczi developed a theory stressing the importance in the annalist's countertransference feelings.
To answer these questions, let us assume that we are not dealing with calendrical incompetence on the part of our annalist. A few mistakes are easily understood, but the steadfast inconsistency witnessed here suggests another explanation.
Cicero knows the tradition as written by annalists for whom provocatio was the expected condition.
For was there not Atticus the Philhellene, the connoisseur, the annalist and genealogist, not to mention the family man?
He rues the fact that so much contemporary history is a "mixture of 'structuralism,' psychoanalysis, and sociology |sociologisme~ that at best offers imperfect or esoteric products with little staying power." He rejects the ideological currents which are found in Annalist founder Lucien Febvre's ferocious attacks against biography and political history, and still are on full display with second-generation Annales leader Ferdinand Braudel whose Marxist preferences put him on the side of a history preferring explanations based on long-term cycles and underlying structures rather than reconstructing narratives of distinct historical events and changes.
She was a frank, sometimes acidulous annalist of the jazz age.
was the best blower award to Mohammad Zahid, Performance Annalist SSGC Asim Hussain was presented best fielder award to Sadiq Ali.
Thus in the three sources, such as the Chronicle of the Contunuator Fredegarii, Annales regni francorum, and Clausula de unctione Pippini we see how the depiction changed depending on the time of the composition of the source and on the position of the annalist in regards to the coming of the new king.
When the annalist for 1137 (an entry we know actually composed no earlier than 1155), writes of the anarchy under King Stephen, he calls attention to the way in which new political realities demand new words:
First, Robert Mandrou, who died too young to implement his enormous gifts as a historian; then Francois Furet, Levi-Strauss (incidentally, not an Annalist and not a historian), and before that, the sociologist Shmuel Eisenstadt, with whom I studied in Jerusalem.
if I may be permitted to make a perhaps old-fashioned distinction between History and The Past, the former being rooted in what happened, the latter in what some annalist thought might be useful to the game or even to the nation.