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in international law, formal act by which a state asserts its sovereignty over a territory previously outside its jurisdiction. Many kinds of territory have been subject to annexation, chief among them those inhabited by settlers of the annexing power, those which already have had the status of protectorates of the annexing state, and those conquered by the force of arms. The consent of other interested powers must be obtained in order that the annexation be generally recognized in international law. Efforts to establish the self-determination of inhabitants as the only grounds for the transfer of territory have been realized in the Charter of the United Nations, which does not recognize annexation as an instrument of national policy. The term annexation is also used in municipal government to describe the process by which an incorporated local government may extend its legal control over surrounding areas. Usually this type of annexation requires the consent of the other communities concerned.



appropriation by force (seizure) of all or a part of the territory of a state or people. In general, wars ended in annexation during the slave-owning and feudal periods; in the period of capitalism, annexation became the basic means of expanding the territory of one state at the expense of another. The list of instances of annexation contains several kinds of colonial seizure as well as a variation of annexation—the creation of states with puppet regimes (for example, the formation in 1932 of Manchukuo by Japan).

In the very first days of its existence, the Soviet state enacted the Decree on Peace, in which it set forth its position on the question of annexation, defining annexation as any appropriation of a small or weak nationality without its definite, clear, and voluntarily expressed consent, no matter when this forced appropriation took place, how advanced or retarded the nation which has been forcibly annexed or forcibly contained within the borders of a given state, or, finally, where the given nation is located—in Europe or in distant transoceanic countries (Collection of Statutes of the RSFSR, 1917, no. 1, p. 2.)

The USSR consistently opposes the policy of annexation, defending the right of all peoples to self-determination and independence (for example, the protest of the Soviet government concerning the annexation of Czechia—Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia—and other regions of Czechoslovakia by Hitler’s Germany in 1939 and the protest to the Soviet government concerning the annexation of Austria in 1938 by Hitler’s Germany).

According to the standards of contemporary international law, annexation is illegal. The United Nations Charter forbids any threat of force or the use of force against the territorial integrity or political autonomy of any state (ch. 1, arts. 1, 2, etc.). In spite of the illegality of annexation, imperialist states continue their predatory policy in the form of covert annexation (for example, the USA’s extention of the status of statehood to the annexed Hawaiian Islands) or in the form of overt annexation (for example, the annexation of South West Africa by the Republic of South Africa).



The acquisition of new territory by a governmental authority, such as a city or state.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stotter suggested that the county require a public hearing before determining there is sufficient health risk to warrant an annexation, so that all arguments for and against it can be heard.
These houses were in the Cordova Memphis Annexation Reserve but kept the same Shelby County schools, services, and taxes throughout.
The 1961 annexation in particular, and the London city-region in general, represent a useful case study for a number of reasons.
The annexation is the fourth and final portion of Deltic's 4,700-acre development.
Now it is a delight to come upon Ross's Annexation of Mexico--especially after reading traditional histories of Mexico.
Other areas - such as Middle Valley, near Chattanooga - didn't face an immediate threat of annexation but filed anyway, just in case any nearby city decided to grab them in the future.
While Texas annexation law allows MUDs to request negotiations for a SPA, no MUD or municipality has ever invoked arbitration since the SPA law was passed in 1999.
The city approved updates to annexation rules in 2009 and asked the county commissioners to adopt them as well, because the two must cooperate on the management of land between the city limits and the urban growth boundary, which encompasses land beyond the city limits.
SANTA CLARITA -- The City Council will vote Tuesday on a recommendation to proceed with studies seeking the annexation of parts of Castaic -- Santa Clarita's first such move west of Interstate 5.
May 25 /PRNewswire/ -- As representatives of property owners in the proposed annexation area north of 146th Street in Hamilton County, the Citizens for Responsible Annexation (CRA) has notified officials of the City of Carmel and the Town of Westfield of their intentions to help in bringing about a fair and equitable voluntary annexation agreement through negotiation.
The Roland rectangle could effectively build an annexation roadblock on the Highway 300 corridor for any future expansion plans by Little Rock.