, the counter electrode was an inert platinum electrode.
La Mantia, "Effect of surface topography on the anodization
of titanium," Electrochemistry Communications, vol.
Firstly, Ti[O.sub.2]-NT array structures were formed on the Ti foil matrix after electrochemical anodization
in a two-electrode system.
Caption: Figure 1: FE-SEM images of the surfaces of Ti specimens before and after anodization
. (a) Pure Ti, (b) NT arrays after anodization
at 10 V ([NT.sub.10]), and (c) NT arrays after anodization
at 30 V ([NT.sub.30]).
SAA was performed in 1 L glass beaker cooled by a circulating machine (Lauda Circulator Programmable C6).
is one of the simplest approache for fabrication of self-organized highly ordered nanostructures.
Stage 2 identified that the anodization
of metal foils of zirconium, titanium and aluminum for the formation of oxide nanotube arrays will result in highly ordered alignment, and aspect ratio, their dimension can be controlled by varying anodization
parameters, less chemicals are required, they are robust and crystallization can be induced at room temperature.
The surface modification by anodization
on TiP produced a nanotubular structure of Ti[O.sub.2], denoted as TNA (Figure 1).
Anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) films were fabricated through anodization
of pure aluminum (Al) in suitable electrolytic solutions.
Man, "Characteristics, apatite-forming ability and corrosion resistance of NiTi surface modified by AC anodization
," Applied Surface Science, vol.
In their study, a so-called "activation" step was adopted in order to obtain stable black Ti[O.sub.2] nanotubes, where anodization
was carried out in an ethylene glycol solution of 0.2 M HF and 0.12 M [H.sub.2][O.sub.2] at 60 V for 30 s before the electrochemical reduction synthesis of black Ti[O.sub.2] nanotubes at a cathodic voltage of -40 V for 680s in an ethylene glycol solution of 0.27 wt.% N[H.sub.4]F .
Kim, "Enhanced compatibility and initial stability of Ti6Al4V alloy orthodontic miniscrews subjected to anodization
, Cyclic precalcification, And heat treatment," Korean Journal of Orthodontics, vol.