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(1) Nameless. See anonymous post and anonymous Web surfing.

(2) (Anonymous) A loose, underground hacker community that attempts to bring down or damage websites of organizations and government agencies that are not socially responsible. Advocating freedom, fairness and justice, Anonymous became known to the public in a 2007 Los Angeles TV report and has since claimed responsibility for numerous break-ins. In 2010, it hacked PayPal, MasterCard and Visa for no longer accepting donations to WikiLeaks after the site disclosed U.S. military documents. See WikiLeaks.

The Guy Fawkes Mask
Anonymous adopted a mask created to honor Guy Fawkes as a symbol of rebellion in the 2005 movie "V for Vendetta." Fawkes was in charge of the gunpowder in a failed 1605 plot to blow up Parliament and restore a Catholic monarchy to England. About to be hanged to near death and then disemboweled, Fawkes jumped from the gallows and did himself in. In 1606, Parliament turned the foiled Gunpowder Plot into a national holiday.

Anonymous "Reconnect" Rally
In Amsterdam in 2008, Anonymous objected to Scientology ordering its members to "disconnect" with anyone not supportive of their beliefs. (Image courtesy of photographer John Melskens.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
The ease of access to DNA ancestry and genealogical tests will change the concept of anonymity so that even the privacy of people who did not register may be threatened through searching in these accessible genetic databases.
He also justified the anonymity of the donor and said electoral bonds would not show the identity of the donor or the political party receiving the donation.
The young terrorist, identified as "RXG" in High Court proceedings to protect his identity, would be given the same anonymity granted to James Bulger killers Robert Thompson and Jon Venables.
The internet has created a completely new order for anonymity. Entire business models such as forums, review sites, and social media are often built on the ability to communicate anonymously, at least on the surface.
Sweeney, "Guaranteeing anonymity when sharing medical data, the datafly system," in Proceedings of the AMIA Annual Fall Symposium, vol.
Anonymity must be seen as a precious privilege not a right.
While the state must curtail misconduct - like damaging one's reputation, fomenting social discord, spreading false news - perpetrated under the hood of anonymity, society provides responses to such evils that fall short of outlawing anonymity.
Property 8: Anonymity. Privacy Models Must Maximize Indistinguishability Between Pseudoids.
'The opinions expressed by global citizens on the Dark Net, a faceless realm functioning purely on anonymity, demonstrate the complexity of this issue for policymakers and governments around the world.
One of the most significant theoretical fruits in this area is the social identity model of deindividuation effects (SIDE), which explains the relationship between anonymity and conformity to ingroup norms through depersonalization.
This threatens anonymity, one of the most powerful characteristics of Bitcoin, and the hope for crypto-anarchists who would see the Bitcoin protocol development continue along the path to true anonymity.