Anopheles

(redirected from anopheles mosquitoes)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to anopheles mosquitoes: malaria, culex mosquitoes

Anopheles:

see mosquitomosquito
, small, long-legged insect of the order Diptera, the true flies. The females of most species have piercing and sucking mouth parts and apparently they must feed at least once upon mammalian blood before their eggs can develop properly.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anopheles

 

a genus of the family Culicidae; members are commonly called malaria mosquitoes because they are carriers of Plasmodium parasites, the causative agents of malaria in man. Only the females suck blood, feeding mainly on domestic animals and man. A resting anopheline mosquito, in contrast to nonmalarial ones, sits with its abdomen tilted upward and its head and proboscis, thorax, and abdomen forming a straight line.

Malaria mosquitoes develop in water. The eggs, which have floats, are deposited on the water one at a time. The larva has no respiratory tube (siphon) and rests horizontally on the sur-face. At the last molting the larva is transformed into a pupa.

More than 300 species are known, distributed on all the continents, as far north as approximately 65°-66° N lat. There are nine species in the USSR, including the common malaria mosquito (Anopheles maculipennis) and A. superpictus, once the principal carriers of the causative agent of malaria. The common malaria mosquito has four dark spots on the inner parts of its wings. It is distributed widely, as far north as the boundaries of the genus distribution and as far east as Blagoveshchensk. It breeds mainly in shallow, standing waters that are rich in aquatic vegetation. It concentrates close to populated areas and attacks humans predominantly in houses or near dwellings.

Anopheles superpictus has four or five light spots on the anterior edge of the wing. In the USSR it is distributed in Middle Asia and the Transcaucasus. It breeds mainly in small bodies of water and along streams and mountain rivers.

In order to control the malarial mosquitoes, housing for domestic animals and human dwellings are treated with insecticides. Other effective methods include draining the mosquitoes’ breeding areas and improving irrigation systems. To destroy the larvae, kerosene and petroleum are poured into bodies of water, which are also treated with insecticides. Biological control methods are also used, particularly in the Transcaucasus and southern Middle Asia, where waters are stocked with fish (for example, the mosquito fish) that eat mosquito larvae and pupae. Repellents, substances that ward off malaria mosquitoes, are used to protect humans.

REFERENCES

Beklemishev, V. N. Ekologiia maliariinogo komara (Anopheles maculipennis Mgn.). Moscow, 1944.
Pavlovskii, E. N. Rukovodstvo po parazitologii cheloveka s ucheniem o perenoschikakh transmissivnykh boleznei, 5th ed., vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Gutsevich, A. V., A. S. Monchadskii, and A. A. Shtakel’berg. Komary (sem. Culicidae). Leningrad, 1970.

A. V. GUTSEVICH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Anopheles

[ə′näf·ə‚lēz]
(invertebrate zoology)
A genus of mosquitoes in the family Culicidae; members are vectors of malaria, dengue, and filariasis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chi-Square analysis was carried out for comparison of malaria prevalence and Anopheles mosquitoes for the duration of the study.
Humidity was found to affect malarial parasite development in Anopheles mosquitoes [17].
Sumruayphol et al., "Natural human Plasmodium infections in major Anopheles mosquitoes in western Thailand," Parasites & Vectors, vol.
Based on human landing catch collections, a total of 519 Anopheles mosquitoes (population ratio or p) included five species of malaria vectors: An.
Some waxy ornamentations or patterns on the dorsal parts of the larval bodies were observed during the conduct of extensive field collections and surveillance of Anopheles mosquitoes from various parts of the ROK.
Insecticides for killing adult vectors must be applied in places where the vector will rest, such as the inside surfaces of houses in the case of Anopheles mosquitoes, or cracks in walls and other hiding places in the case of triatomid bugs.
Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Neocellia series of Anopheles mosquitoes in the Oriental Region.
Anopheles mosquitoes infected with Plasmodium species - unicellular parasites - transmit the disease by biting.
In addition to monitoring insecticide resistance among wild caught Anopheles mosquitoes, human host preference and malaria parasite detection remain integral components in understanding the transmission dynamics.
"The main implication is that with warmer temperatures, we expect to see a higher number of people exposed to the risk of malaria in tropical highland areas like these." More than 20 years ago, malaria was identified as a disease expected to be especially sensitive to climate change, because both the Plasmodium parasites that cause it and the Anopheles mosquitoes that spread it thrive as temperatures warm.
(1) Malaria transmission is tied closely to environmental variables such as rainfall and temperature--even when there's plenty of rainfall to produce breeding pools for the Anopheles mosquitoes that spread malaria, hot temperatures can hamper mosquito development.
Malaria is caused by the single-celled Plasmodium parasite, which is spread by Anopheles mosquitoes. In 2010, an estimated 220 million people around the world were bitten and infected, according to the World Health Organisation.