Encephalopathy

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encephalopathy

[en‚sef·ə′läp·ə·thē]
(medicine)
Any disease of the brain.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Encephalopathy

 

a collective term that designates a noninflammatory organic disease of the brain. Some encephalopathies are innate, resulting from embryopathy. Others are the result of infection, poisoning, trauma, or vascular disease of the brain. There are no specific manifestations. The most common encephalopathies resemble neuroses (asthenia, irritability, insomnia, headaches) or psychoses (narrowed scope of interests, passivity, emotional instability, vulgarity). Symptoms may include memory loss or mental deterioration.

Alcoholic encephalopathies are alcoholic psychoses. They may be acute, as in Wernicke’s encephalopathy (named for the German neuropathologist C. Wernicke, who described the condition in 1881), or chronic, as in Korsakov’s psychosis (named for S. S. Korsakov) and alcoholic pseudoparalysis. Lead encephalopathy is caused by chronic poisoning by lead salts.

Treatment for encephalopathies depends on the cause of the disease.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A surgeon removed the hematoma, and the patient was transferred to the ICU with suspected anoxic encephalopathy. He died there on September 25.
Marianne Rogoff wrote a book about her daughter Sylvie, born at term with anoxic encephalopathy, and about the struggle to keep her alive for seven months and then to let her die (Silvie's Life, Zenobia Press, 1995).
Bilateral symmetrical thalamic lesions are also seen in metabolic diseases such as Wilson's disease, anoxic encephalopathy and childhood hepatocerebral degeneration.
There was no difference between the 2 groups for the composite endpoints of death, disabling stroke, disabling anoxic encephalopathy, major bleeding, or cardiac arrest.
During hospitalization, the patient had complications including recurrent pneumothoraces, cardiopulmonary arrest, anoxic encephalopathy, bacteremia (methicillin-resistant coagulase negative staphylococcus), left upper extremity deep venous thrombosis, and coma.