antacid


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antacid,

any one of several basic substances that counteract stomach acidity (see stomachstomach,
saclike dilation in the gastrointestinal tract between the esophagus and the intestines, forming an organ of digestion. The stomach is present in virtually all vertebrate animals and in many invertebrates.
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). Antacids are used by physicians to treat hyperchlorhydria, i.e., the excessive production of hydrochloric acid by the parietal cells lining the stomach. Commonly used antacid preparations, most sold without prescription, contain sodium bicarbonate, magnesium hydroxide, or aluminum hydroxide. Some preparations contain substances such as magnesium trisilicate that reduce the formation of gas.

antacid

[′ant′as·əd]
(chemistry)
Any substance that counteracts or neutralizes acidity.

antacid

1. a substance used to neutralize acidity, esp in the stomach
2. having the properties of this substance
References in periodicals archive ?
*In 2017, tablet segment led the antacid market due to high efficacy compared to other dosage forms.
For this purpose, during oral hygiene instruction and subsequent initial preparation including scaling, we offered an antacid chewing tablet, which included 680mg calcium carbonate and 80mg magnesium carbonate, three times a day (in the morning and before sleeping) for a week.
For several years, my prescribing habits for antacids have definitely gone down for both formula-fed and breastfed babies by initiating the use of probiotics for them.
In the pain group 46 (69.7%) were given sucralfate and 20 (30.3%) were given lidocain: antacid 50: 50 solution.
This study demonstrates the benefits of an antacid. Unfortunately it did include other medications used to treat GER.
Cutaneous eruptions can be a potential adverse effect of antacid preparations.
The antacid is intended for the relief of heartburn and acid indigestion.
Rolaids is an over-the-counter antacid that helps relieve heartburn and acid indigestion.
In a retrospective study, the use of levofloxacin (Levaquin[R]), combined with antacids containing aluminum, zinc, magnesium, iron, or calcium, was examined in more than 3,000 hospitalized patients.
The Maalox antacid products have packaging similar to that of Maalox Total Relief, which is used to treat diarrhea, upset stomach associated with nausea, heartburn, and gas.
Well-known brands include antacid remedies such as Rennies, and products which coat and protect the lining of your stomach and oesophagus, such as Gaviscon.
The economy might be giving many people heartburn these days, but they're not all reaching for the antacid to remedy their dwindling investments.