antecedent

(redirected from antecedently)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.

antecedent

1. Logic the hypothetical clause, usually introduced by "if", in a conditional statement: that which implies the other
2. Maths an obsolescent name for numerator
3. denying the antecedent Logic the fallacy of inferring the falsehood of the consequent of a conditional statement, given the truth of the conditional and the falsehood of its antecedent, as if there are five of them, there are more than four: there are not five, so there are not more than four

antecedent

[′an·tə‚sēd·ənt]
(mathematics)
The numerator of a ratio.
The first of the two statements in an implication.
For an integer, n, that is greater than 1, the preceding integer, n- 1.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, the MPMC theory principle of "sadness counteracts anger" may refer to the following two different situations: the subsequently induced sadness could help to control anger-related aggressive behavior (the retroactive regulatory effects) and the antecedently induced sadness could help to reduce angry feelings (the proactive regulatory effects).
Forward secrecy means, once a user's authority is expired, or a user's secret is compromised, he/she ought to be prevented from accessing the plaintext of the shared information which will be antecedently accessed by him/her.
The concept KANGAROO is not definable in terms of antecedently available primitives using the combinatorial machinery of logic.
Note that natural institutions on this concept are just associations that provide goods that could not have been willed antecedently because the subject of willing them does not exist or does not exist as stipulated--prior to the group.
As a final example, consider the claim that politicians' ability to make choices that advance the common good is reduced by the "politicization of science." This is because, like everyone else, politicians are subject to confirmation bias--the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms one's antecedently held beliefs.
With a careful analysis of why Sandel's theory of justice and individual moral development is superior to that of Rawls, Christians argues: "Our selves [we as individuals as assumed by Rawls] are presumed to be constituted antecedently, that is, in advance of our engagement with others.
The presupposition that the ministers who are being passively deceived in this way are antecedently corrupt is vital, for it illustrates that Han Feizi is not advocating amoral lying merely so that a ruler can acquire more power, but so that a virtuous ruler who might find himself besieged by vicious intrigue can still maintain order and peace.
universal rights to goods and services and the corresponding obligations to provide them cannot be antecedently identifiable in the same way that liberty [negative] rights and their corresponding obligations are antecedently identifiable." Or as Maurice Cranston puts it: "The concept of rights ...
If the labor market is aggressive, a rise in the minimum wage diminishes employment of employees antecedently earning the minimum, but if the labor market is monopsonistic, slight rises in the minimum wage could advance both employment and earnings of concerned employees.
When, therefore, in the Dutch booklet, whose covering note is dated 21 May 1609, he says "Ea quae in GALLIJS et ANGLIA adnotata, pecul[iari] et designat[o] libello conscripsimus" [Those that (are) in France and England I recorded, with annotations, in a separate and especially prepared booklet], and states this in a planned headnote on the page where, further down, the notes on Frisia begin, this not only makes it clear that this booklet must itself be a copy, but also makes it antecedently probable that the booklet on France and England was such another, not an original.
Or more modestly, to clear a new path to Platonism for fellow travelers: those of us antecedently equipped with a permissive, pragmatic attitude toward ontological commitment.