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Related to Anterior communicating artery: Posterior communicating artery


blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
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. Except for the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues. The largest arterial trunk is the aortaaorta
, primary artery of the circulatory system in mammals, delivering oxygenated blood to all other arteries except those of the lungs. The human aorta, c.1 in. (2.54 cm) in diameter, originates at the left ventricle of the heart.
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, branches of which divide and subdivide into ever-smaller tubes, or arterioles, until they terminate as minute capillariescapillary
, microscopic blood vessel, smallest unit of the circulatory system. Capillaries form a network of tiny tubes throughout the body, connecting arterioles (smallest arteries) and venules (smallest veins).
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, the latter connecting with the veinsvein,
blood vessel that returns blood to the heart. Except for the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, veins carry deoxygenated blood. The oxygen-depleted blood passes from the capillaries to the venules (small veins).
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 (see circulatory systemcirculatory system,
group of organs that transport blood and the substances it carries to and from all parts of the body. The circulatory system can be considered as composed of two parts: the systemic circulation, which serves the body as a whole except for the lungs, and the
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). Other important arteries are the subclavian and brachial arteries of the shoulder and arm, the carotid arteries that lead to the head, the coronary arteries that nourish the heart itself, and the iliac and femoral arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities. The walls of the large arteries have three layers: a tough elastic outer coat, a layer of muscular tissue, and a smooth, thin inner coat. Arterial walls expand and contract with each heartbeat, pumping blood throughout the body. The pulsating movement of blood, or pulsepulse,
alternate expansion and contraction of artery walls as heart action varies blood volume within the arteries. Artery walls are elastic. Hence they become distended by increased blood volume during systole, or contraction of the heart.
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, may be felt where the large arteries lie near the body surface.


A vascular tube that carries blood away from the heart.


any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, the MCA territory is supplied by the intracavernous anastomosis, while the ACA territory is supplied via a patent anterior communicating artery. This is important because the relative isolation of the MCA territory leaves the cerebral hemisphere ipsilateral to the absent ICA susceptible to injury, due to lack of collateral flow from the circle of Willis.
The segment which originates from the internal carotid artery to the origin of the anterior communicating artery was defined as segment A1 and the segment that originates from the AComA to the site proximal to its bifurcation in the pericallosal and callosomarginal arteries was defined as segment A2 (Krzyzewski et al., 2015).
Anterior communicating artery (AComA) aneurysms (30.1%, n = 734), posterior communicating artery (PComA) aneurysms (28.7%, n = 700), and middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms (15.9%, n = 386) were the most common aneurysms detected in this study.{Table 2}
Three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography demonstrating anterior communicating artery aneurysm ((b) arrow), A1 segment of left anterior cerebral artery ((b) arrowhead), bifurcation of right middle cerebral artery aneurysm ((c) arrow), and basilar artery bifurcation aneurysm ((d) arrow).
In cases of multiple aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery complex, not all lesions may be detected on preoperative radiological studies, due to the complex angioarchiecture around the ACoA.
CT angiography showed occlusion of the entire right ICA as well as the patency of anterior communicating artery [Figure 1]c.
Angle formation between the A1 portion of the anterior cerebral artery and the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) (A1-ACoA).
Unilateral agenesis of the internal carotid artery in a patient with ruptured aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery; a case report.

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