The diagnosis may rely solely on a given patient's history and a physical examination, including nasal endoscopy, since it is not always possible to address the posterior extent of a rhinolith by anterior rhinoscopy
On anterior rhinoscopy
there were congestive hyperemia of nasal mucosa on both sides.
* Rarely, where a diagnosis of CRS is strongly suspected but with normal anterior rhinoscopy
or endoscopy findings.
Technique and instruments commonly employed for removal of foreign body in ear were Crocodile micro ear forceps under microscope and Rose Eustachian tube catheter by anterior rhinoscopy
in nose similar to the various techniques described by Davis et al.
After anterior rhinoscopy
and endoscopic examination, patients were assessed with the use of the Mladina classification system, (1) which categorizes septal deformities into seven types:
Polyps are better identified in Diagnostic Nasal Endoscopy (21) than in anterior rhinoscopy
Pre- and postoperatively, anterior rhinoscopy
was performed to analyze mucosal status, and mucociliary clearance was measured by using the saccharin transit time (STT) method.
Clinical examination revealed on Anterior Rhinoscopy
, a firm reddish mass in 20 patients, a mass on Posterior Rhinoscopy in 21 patients; 05 patients presented with cheek swelling and 04 with a bulging mass in the Nasopharynx (Table 6).
examination showed septal deviation in 36.67% of the patients studied.
The physical examination revealed a right-sided, reddish mass on anterior rhinoscopy
. No other abnormalities were detected.
Examination should include anterior rhinoscopy
and rigid endoscopy.
detected a smooth, well-demarcated, protruding, 0.5 x 0.5-cm tumor of the right nasal vestibule (figure 1).