Scleritis

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Related to anterior scleritis: posterior scleritis, nodular scleritis
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scleritis

 

inflammation of the sclera caused chiefly by rheumatism, tuberculosis, brucellosis, or viral and other infections. It is marked by severe irritation of the eye, pain, and formation of an infiltrate in the sclera. Scleritis is often complicated by keratitis and iridocyclitis. In episcleritis, which is the inflammation of the outermost layers of the sclera, irritation is less pronounced and visual acuity usually remains unimpaired. Scleritis is treated with physiotherapy, antibiotics, and hormonal drugs and with local application of heat and corticosteroids.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Necrotising anterior scleritis is the most serious form of scleritis, and can potentially lead to perforation of the globe (Figure 6).
The company said that the active non-infectious anterior scleritis is the inflammation of the sclera, which is the fibrous white membrane surrounding the eyeball excluding the cornea.
M2 PHARMA-January 2, 2013-XOMA Corporation announces inclusion of non-infectious anterior scleritis in gevokizumab proof-of-concept programme(C)2013 M2 COMMUNICATIONS
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