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(ănthrəpŏm`ətrē), technique of measuring the human body in terms of dimensions, proportions, and ratios such as those provided by the cephalic indexcephalic index
[Gr. kephale=head], ratio of the breadth of the head to its length. Expressed as a percental number, it provides the simplest description of the geometric relation of two dimensions.
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. Once the standard approach to racial classification and comparing humans to other primates, the technique is now used for deciding the range of clothing sizes to be manufactured and determining the nutritional status of people.


See A. Montagu, A Handbook of Anthropometry (1960); R. McCammon, Human Growth and Development (1970).



a combination of methodological procedures in anthropological research, consisting of the measurement and description (anthroposcopy) of the entire human body and its individual parts, thereby yielding a quantitative index of their variability.

The comprehensive nature of anthropometric research permits the evaluation and comparison of feature variability among different racial, age, professional, and sexual groups based on measurements from a large number of individuals. The origin of anthropometry as a scientific method dates to the 19th century and is associated with the well-known French anthropologist P. Broca. Significant contributions to its further development were made by foreign (R. Martin and others) and Soviet anthropologists (V. V. Bunak, A. I. Iarkho, and others). Features are distinguished by measurements and by description. The former are determined with the aid of anthropological instruments (anthropometers, spreading and sliding calipers, tapes, and so forth). A measurement is taken between precisely fixed anthropometric points which represent parts of the external body structure that are relatively

easily accessible for observation. Total dimensions of the body (body length, mass, and chest circumference) and partial dimensions (width of the foot, length of the wrist, and so forth) are selected. Determination of descriptive features (shapes of body parts, facial features, skin pigmentation, hair and eye coloring, hair structure, and so forth) is done with the aid of scales, molds, and schematic drawings constructed on the basis of precisely delimited criteria. For example, V. V. Bunak’s eye-color scale allows for 12 variations of iris pigmentation, and the Fisher-Sailer hair-color scale differentiates 40 shades. The methods of anthropological photography find wide application in anthropometry.

There is a characteristic tendency in anthropometry to replace descriptive features with more precise measurements and to introduce modern methods of analysis (X rays, ultrasonics, and labeled compounds). The selection of anthropometric methods, points, and features is dictated by the aims of the specific anthropological study. In race studies and ethnic anthropology the head, face, cranium, and body length are measured, and color scales are used for the eyes, skin, hair, and so forth, in order to differentiate racial types. In human morphology, and particularly in the study of physical development, the characteristics of bulk, body length (growth), and other measures of length, diameter, and circumference are taken into consideration. On the basis of these measurements, scales are constructed that enable one to determine the degree of physical development in individuals and in different population groups.

The data gathered in the process of an anthropometric investigation are subject to statistical variation (biometric) analysis and are presented in the form of tables, graphs, and diagrams. The standardization of articles for mass production (for example, clothing and footwear) and the efficient layout of work spaces are also based on anthropometric data. In addition, anthropometric data are used in criminal law for the description and identification of criminals.


Bunak, V. V. Antropometriia: Prakticheskii kurs. Moscow, 1941.



Description of the physical variation in humankind by measurement; a basic technique of physical anthropology.
References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally, epidemiological studies with children have used only one anthropometric index to identify obesity (15-17).
Classic indicators such as BMI and skinfolds, as well as albumin, have been associated to the clinical evolution of chronic diseases, infections and after surgical interventions, hence the importance of making comparisons between well-accepted methods and the APM, which has been proposed as an anthropometric parameter (DONALISIO et al.
The anthropometric measurements performed included height weight mean arm circumference and upper arm length.
We therefore performed a cross-sectional anthropometric survey of children admitted to a general paediatric ward at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital (CHBAH).
In sum, the study results showed that eliminating traditional methods, and with a presence in schools and cooperation with teachers, sports scientists to measure students' abilities in various mother sport fields such as: swimming, gymnastics and track and field , and considering anthropometric, physiological, physical fitness, psychological and biomechanical indicators it will be possible to identify talented people.
As for anthropometric data comparison, the parameter of popliteal height was chosen to be compared with the maximum and minimum horizontal allowable seat adjustments in each car.
In laser scanning technique as well, the head should be oriented correctly within the scanning gantry to enable the scanner to digitize the location of the anthropometric points [3].
Pearson correlation coefficient established a correlation of anthropometric parameter with HGS.
Reliability of anthropometric equipment in collecting nutritional data
The relationship between anthropometric parameters like BMI, WC and WHR to coronary artery disease indicates strong predictor in onset of disease.
Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between anthropometric indicators of general and central body fat (BMI, WC, WHtR, CI, triceps skinfold, subscapular skinfold, suprailiac skinfold) with [VO.
Anthropometric measurements: Body height was measured with an anthropometer GPM (Switzerland).