The popes' reservation concerned the so-called "anti-Roman
" canons (especially cc.
cryptograms in the New Testament; hidden transcripts of hope and liberation.
The present contribution examines the persistence of anti-Roman
sentiment across the development of modern Italy, from national unification in the nineteenth century to recent years.
There is a long history to that rejection, a history to Canadians' desire to privatize piety and erase a momentous fault line of our past--from opposition to the Anglican clergy reserve lands, which was one of the principle causes of the 1837 rebellion to the ugly anti-Roman
Catholicism of the Orange Order, to the 19th-century religious divisiveness over education, politics and the execution of Riel, to Laurier's opposition to the ultramontane bishops and their state within a state, to the evil institutional presence of religion in the residential schools, to the exclusion of Jews and Roman Catholics from anglo-Canadian elites, to the social repression by the church in Quebec, to the homophobia and misogyny that still linger on in institutional religion.
By 1994 the Arch bishop's petulant anti-Roman
liberalism had long since been recognized by many, including the Vatican.
His brother, James II (also a convert to Roman Catholicism) behaved with all the bigotry of a convert needed to ensure that he was deposed by his son-in-law (William of Orange), who gave us all the anti-Roman
Catholic legislation that still forms the bedrock of the English constitution.
And, because Protestantism itself--originally founded on a revolt, a bitter one at that, against Roman Catholicism--was the main carrier of anti-Roman
sentiment, it is only natural that as the influence of Protestant thinking has waned, so has anti-Catholic sentiment....
It was also the last stand of the Jewish anti-Roman
rebellion in the first century AD.
Keen to establish a permanent nunnery at Stanbrook Hall, but aware that the English gentry's anti-Roman
Catholic feeling still ran high, they knew its owner would never sell to them.
Higham emphasized nativism's ethnic dimension, arguing that the intensity of anti-Roman
sentiment depended upon the extent to which Catholics were perceived as "foreign." Nordstrom, on the other hand, stresses the religious underpinnings of nativism, suggesting that xenophobes in the Progressive era targeted certain immigrants because of their Catholic identity.
replacement of saints venerated by Roman Catholics with anti-Roman
counterparts" in the calendar of saints included in most editions (266).
Malalas as is generally ignored--mentions a consul of 2 BC called Cyrenius, adding that the "irascible" Augustus's census caused great fear; Josephus says it provoked a major anti-Roman
uprising led by Judas of Galilee, not formally part of the new Judaea but still answerable to Rome.