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Music an unstressed, usually short note introduced before a downbeat and harmonically related to the chord immediately following it
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in psychology and philosophy, the ability to react to events ahead of time. This concept of “anticipation” is closest to the concept introduced in psychology by the German scientist W. Wundt. Psychologists distinguish two senses in which the term “anticipation” is used: (1) an organism’s expectation of a certain situation, which is manifested in some pose or movement; and (2) manifestation by a human being of the results of his action even before the action is performed (hence the definition of the goal as the anticipated subject).

In philosophy, the concept of anticipation is encountered as far back as the Stoics and Epicureans in reference to prolepsis—the general concept of knowledge before the perception of concrete individual things directly from the Logos. F. Bacon took a firm position against anticipation, proceeding from the principle that nature has to be studied, not anticipated. Kant used the term to mean “a priori knowledge of subjects of perception before the perceptions themselves.”

In logic, anticipation is used to denote temporary acceptance of a proposition which is to be proved subsequently, as if it were already proven.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The occurrence of a phenotype at a younger age or in a more severe form in succeeding generations of a family.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Significant portions of commercial and residential appraisers anticipate less demand for complete/self-contained appraisal reports, 31 percent and 21 percent respectively.
I have used a number of these techniques to help camp leaders anticipate the possibilities in their future.
Here, again, AM's teammates must anticipate the flick for the second-touch attack to be successful.
Not that there haven't been more recent attempts to counter the myth of nothingness, notably by philosopher Paul Edwards in his classic 1969 paper "Existentialism and Death: A Survey of Some Confusions and Absurdities." Edwards provides a "who's who" of thinkers who have fallen into this particular conceptual trap, quoting Shakespeare, Heine, Seneca, Swinburne, Houseman, Mencken, Bertrand Russell, Clarence Darrow, James Baldwin, and others, all to the effect that, as Swinburne put it, death is "eternal night" Those who anticipate nothingness at death are at least in some pretty exalted company.
World-class underwriters anticipate the buyers' questions and are prepared with appropriate answers.
Twenty-five percent of respondents plan to hire additional personnel in the next three months, while just three percent anticipate staff reductions.
In such cases, the cost/income ratio will not properly measure the participants' reasonable efforts to anticipate benefits and allocate the costs.(61) In summary, TEI believes that the relationship between costs and income from intangibles is so attenuated that the cost/income ratio is a flawed measure of proportionate sharing of costs and benefits under a cost-sharing agreement.
Sources should also anticipate greater delays in permitting new or modified sources of toxic air pollutants, especially once case-by-case MACT requirements kick in.
gene-mapping strategy, they did not anticipate the availability of such high-resolution gene "name tags" so early in the project's course.
Century establishes the first of what we anticipate to be multiple shingle production lines located throughout the country at other GreenMan locations in order to meet the projected demand for FlexShake[TM].
The 30-second television commercials will present stories that metaphorically represent the company's image, using keywords, such as "anticipate" and "understanding."
But you can avoid or manage these strategic risks -- if you anticipate them.