(1) Jablin (1987, 2001) referred to the process of being socialized into the world of work during childhood and adolescence as vocational anticipatory socialization
. Recently, there have been some criticisms of the anticipatory descriptor, with scholars arguing that it devalues or discounts unpaid work as well as other goal-oriented activities by children and adolescents that contribute to career outcomes (for overview, see Clair, 1996).
Therefore, graduate students, by being in the anticipatory socialization
stage of the academic profession, begin to internalize a series of meanings through sensemaking that would allow them to anticipate outcomes and events once they become junior faculty.
Hypothesis 4a: Individuals will use communication technologies that are low in richness more during anticipatory socialization
, relative to other stages, to communicate with organizational members.
For example, pre-entry experiences, such as realistic job previews, that share information about the company or the job are known as anticipatory socialization
mechanisms which influence post-entry attitudes and behavior (Wanous, 1992).
The fit between anticipatory socialization
and the organization's values and norms (Tierney & Rhoads, 1994) implies organizational affirmation of new members' early socialization.
and role stress among registered nurses.
Early studies of female exotic dancers (see Boles & Garbin, 1974; McCaghy & Skipper, 1972) found that most dancers had fairly broad anticipatory socialization
experiences, having been previously employed in an entertainment- related job, having some type of professional training in dance, music or theatre, or having an agent who helped prepare them for the career of exotic dancing.
encompasses all of the learning that takes place prior to the graduate's first day on the job.
for psychotherapy, method and rationale.