In addition, the effect of elements related to anticipatory socialization that take place at a very early age, such as delay of gratification, is not sufficiently accounted for in existing programs either.
Finally, in accordance with the concept of anticipatory socialization, the creation of adaptable financial consumers requires that more attention is paid to general personal traits (see also Shim et al.
In the context of anticipatory socialization, which is important to create adaptable financial consumers, parents play an essential role.
Although this is widely acknowledged in this study, the absence of a developmental approach and the fact that elements related to anticipatory socialization taking place before the start of financial literacy programs is not sufficiently taken into account in existing programs, suggest that future programs could adopt a gradual approach that is more in line with children's overall development (Beutler and Dickson 2008; Friedline 2015; Lucey 2007; Sonuga-Barke and Webley 1993).
They posit a hierarchical model in which anticipatory socialization through parents, school, and early-life work experience will impact financial learning outcomes (financial knowledge and parental role modeling) and subsequent financial attitudes, norms, and self-control.
Regarding anticipatory socialization, several demographic factors emerged as significant determinants of perception of financial reporting.
Future research should examine whether accountants' anticipatory socialization experience is related to their early socialization experience on the job.
However, instructors should use these results to raise the academic standards in their accounting classes to maximize the anticipatory socialization experience of many students.
The only anticipatory socialization factor that was not significant was cost-benefit.
Regardless of how they began their process of occupational socialization, in providing themselves with time to think things through, and to learn to identify with the norms, values and beliefs of the dancing subculture prior to entering it, these women were engaging in a form of role rehearsal and anticipatory socialization.
For the women interviewed, these factors played a significant role in their anticipatory socialization process and their movement in the direction of exotic dancing.
Despite some different findings in terms of the anticipatory socialization experiences of dancers, similar to other research in the area we found that once the decision to dance was made and they were employed as dancers, the women we interviewed continued to experience a socialization process through interacting with and observing other subcultural members.