Anticonvulsant

(redirected from anticonvulsant drug)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

anticonvulsant

[‚an·tē·kən′vəl·sənt]
(pharmacology)
An agent, such as Dilantin, that prevents or arrests a convulsion.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anticonvulsant

 

one of a group of medicinal preparations having different chemical compositions and capable of preventing or relieving convulsions. Anticonvulsants include a number of substances that act as hypnotics and sedatives, for instance, bromides, chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate, and phenobarbital. Other substances are selectively anticonvulsant, for example, diphenin, Hexamidine (lepsiral), Trimethin (epidione), and chloracon. Anticonvulsants are used mainly in treating epilepsy.

REFERENCE

Mashkovskii, M. D. Lekarstvennye sredstva, 7th ed., part 1. Moscow, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sulphonamides were responsible in 41.7% cases of Stevens-Johnson syndrome, followed by each of indigenous medicines and anticonvulsant drugs in 25% cases.
The anticonvulsant drugs increased the worms' motility and stimulated egg laying, suggesting that the chemicals interact with C.
Phenytoin is a drug syntetized by Biltz, 1908 (Rall & Schleifer, 1991) which was introduced as anticonvulsant drug in 1938 (Merrit & Putnam, 1938).
Administration of gabapentin does not influence the pharmacokinetics of conventional anticonvulsant drugs, nor are the pharmacokinetics of gabapentin modified by the presence of other anticonvulsant drugs (1).
Like other anticonvulsant drugs, carbamazepine acts by suppressing electrical activity in the brain.
Pupils at one facility were given an anticonvulsant drug to see if it calmed them down, National Archive files have revealed.
Inc.'s Carbatrol capsules, an extended-release anticonvulsant drug pending with the Food and Drug Administration.
LOS ANGELES -- The anticonvulsant drug topiramate significantly eased chronic daily headaches, one of the most intractable forms of headache to treat, in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial conducted at 46 U.S.
Standard approach to anticonvulsant drug treatment in the United States.
ORLANDO -- Patients who experienced sudden cardiac death had a significantly higher rate of treatment with a sodium channel-blocking, anticonvulsant drug, compared with people who did not have sudden death, in a case-control study of more than 10,000 people.