Anticonvulsant

(redirected from anticonvulsive)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to anticonvulsive: Convulsions

anticonvulsant

[‚an·tē·kən′vəl·sənt]
(pharmacology)
An agent, such as Dilantin, that prevents or arrests a convulsion.

Anticonvulsant

 

one of a group of medicinal preparations having different chemical compositions and capable of preventing or relieving convulsions. Anticonvulsants include a number of substances that act as hypnotics and sedatives, for instance, bromides, chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate, and phenobarbital. Other substances are selectively anticonvulsant, for example, diphenin, Hexamidine (lepsiral), Trimethin (epidione), and chloracon. Anticonvulsants are used mainly in treating epilepsy.

REFERENCE

Mashkovskii, M. D. Lekarstvennye sredstva, 7th ed., part 1. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study is being planned to know the clinical spectrum of seizures and efficacy of anticonvulsive treatment in children.
Chang, "Studies on the anticonvulsive, sedative and hypothermic effects of Periostracum Cicadae extracts," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol.
Anticonvulsive and neuroprotective effects of synergetic combination of Phenytoin and gastrodin on the convulsion induced by penicillin in mice.
Children with epilepsy after withdrawal of anticonvulsive therapy: psychiatric behaviour and neuropsychological abilities.
Asymmetries of pursuits are often detected in cases of drug intoxication including anticonvulsive types and psychoactive drugs such as benzodiazepine, in individuals with a history of heavy alcohol consumption, and in degenerative diseases involving the cerebellum or extrapyramidal system.
Given the lack of studies, the empirical evidence suggests that prophylactic treatment with lithium or anticonvulsive agents may be superior to neuroleptic theraphy (3).
Epilepsy: Black seeds were traditionally known to have anticonvulsive properties.
The biological mechanisms of vinpocetine include inhibition of hypoxic damage to brain tissue, scavenging of hydroxyl radicals, anticonvulsive activity, modulation of several chemical transmitter systems, and inhibition of the reuptake of adenosine (thought to be a major endogenous anticonvulsant and cerebral protectant).
The most commonly prescribed off-label drug categories include drugs used in the therapy of cardiovascular diseases, anticonvulsive drugs, antipsychotics, antidepressants and antiasthmatics.
MRI was found to be normal at the first month following antihypertensive and anticonvulsive treatment.
In addition, transplantation for SCD may have unique complications such as cerebrovascular occlusive/haemorrhagic episodes with stroke, convulsions requiring prophylaxis with anticonvulsive therapy, meticulous control of electrolytes, and maintaining higher than baseline blood haemoglobin levels and platelet counts throughout the procedure.
Thiopentone sodium starts its action in 30 seconds, is more hypnotic and less analgesic and is anticonvulsive. It gives minor bronchospasm and hangover for 24 hrs.