antidiabetic drug


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antidiabetic drug,

any of several drugs that control blood sugar level in the treatment of diabetesdiabetes
or diabetes mellitus
, chronic disorder of glucose (sugar) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin, a hormone produced in specialized cells (beta cells in the islets of Langerhans) in the pancreas that allows the body to use and store
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. See insulininsulin,
hormone secreted by the β cells of the islets of Langerhans, specific groups of cells in the pancreas. Insufficiency of insulin in the body results in diabetes. Insulin was one of the first products to be manufactured using genetic engineering.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gender, age, marital status, previous obesity history, education level, accompanying illnesses like diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, atherosclerotic heart disease, hypothyroidism, medications and smoking are known to be the risk factors of obesity.1,2 In our previous study conducted in 2005, sedentary life style and dyslipidemia in males, being unemployed, having lower level of education and having hypertension in females and familial obesity in both genders were found to be related to increased obesity risk.10 In our present study, age, gender, marital status, previous obesity history, hypertension, dyslipidemia, smoking, hypothyroidism and antidiabetic drug usage in diabetics were found to be significant risk factors for obesity development.
Prior to enrolment, participants were inadequately controlled on one oral antidiabetic drug.
However, a handful of previously conducted studies provide data on the glycemic control by the individual antidiabetic drug class based on fasting plasma glucose and postprandial blood glucose for a short duration, i.e., 3 or 6 weeks.
DPP-4 inhibitors are an antidiabetic drug class on which there is abundant clinical experience, since they have been marketed for over a decade (since 2006).
Bromocriptine mesylate denotes a novel antidiabetic drug in view of its unique action on hypothalamic centers.
Although the percentage reduction was the highest in group A (47.37%) as opposed to group E (33.70%), however, it still indicates a potential antihyperglycemic action of CMEDT which maybe similar to the standard antidiabetic drug, glibenclamide.
Park et al., "Trends of antidiabetic drug use in adult type 2 diabetes in Korea in 2002-2013: nationwide population-based cohort study," Medicine, vol.
Metformin has been used extensively as a first-line therapy for Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) [3] and is the most prescribed antidiabetic drug in the US.
The frequency for users of mono antidiabetic drug was 130 (65%) patients; and for combination antidiabetic drug was 70 (35%) patients.
The sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors are the newest of these three antidiabetic drug classes.
The antidiabetic drug was not at all indicated for this non-diabetic patient but wrongly dispensed by the pharmacist/chemist instead of calcium tablet which was one of the regular medications of the patient
Sander et al., "Clinical and economic outcomes of appropriate oral antidiabetic drug (OAD) treatment among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)," in Proceedings of the 71th Scientific Sessions of American Diabetes Association, pp.