antidiuretic


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antidiuretic

[¦an·tē‚dī·yə¦red·ik]
(pharmacology)
An agent, such as vasopressin, that prevents the excretion of urine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patterson L, Noroian E: Diabetes insipidus versus syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone.
Key Words: hyponatremia, nicotine, smoking, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
In addition, IL-6 increases plasma concentrations of vasopressin, suggesting a role in the production of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (22,106).
The most controversial etiologic theory for nocturnal enuresis is the insufficient nocturnal production of antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
Euvolemic hyponatremia, which occurs when total body water increases with little increase in sodium, is most often associated with conditions such as the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH), adrenal insufficiency, pulmonary disorders, hypothyroidism, certain cancers and the use of certain drugs (such as some antidepressants).
The stimulation of antidiuretic response may help to concentrate the urine, reducing urine volume, which prevents overfilling of the bladder.
DDAVP Tablets are indicated as antidiuretic replacement therapy in the management of central diabetes insipidus and for the management of the temporary polyuria and polydipsia following head trauma or surgery in the pituitary region.
Anticholinergic effects, changes in antidiuretic hormone secretion, and effects on sleep patterns.
Blood dyscrasias (aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, pancytopenia, thrombocytopenia), dizziness, drowsiness, headache, possible increase in cardiovascular mortality in patients treated with tolbutamide, gastrointestinal effects, hypoglycemia, syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone, various skin reactions.
DDAVP (Desmopressin Acetate) Tablets are indicated as antidiuretic replacement therapy in the management of central diabetes insipidus and for the management of the temporary polyuria and polydipsia following head trauma or surgery in the pituitary region.
The elderly tend to excrete most fluid intake at night because of changes in the circadian sleep-awake pattern of urine production and changes in the antidiuretic and atrial natriuretic hormones and renin aldosterone system, even in the absence of diseases such as venous insufficiency, heart failure, renal disease, and prostatic enlargement.
The cause is unknown; however, causative factors may include maturational delay, genetic influence, difficulties in waking and decreased night time secretion of an antidiuretic hormone.

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