Anticonvulsant

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anticonvulsant

[‚an·tē·kən′vəl·sənt]
(pharmacology)
An agent, such as Dilantin, that prevents or arrests a convulsion.

Anticonvulsant

 

one of a group of medicinal preparations having different chemical compositions and capable of preventing or relieving convulsions. Anticonvulsants include a number of substances that act as hypnotics and sedatives, for instance, bromides, chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate, and phenobarbital. Other substances are selectively anticonvulsant, for example, diphenin, Hexamidine (lepsiral), Trimethin (epidione), and chloracon. Anticonvulsants are used mainly in treating epilepsy.

REFERENCE

Mashkovskii, M. D. Lekarstvennye sredstva, 7th ed., part 1. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
Data on antiepileptic drug use was extracted from the Finnish Prescription Register.
The association of antiepileptic drug use with Alzheimer's disease was assessed in Finnish persons diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and their controls without the disease.
Certain antiepileptic drugs are known to impair cognitive function and, when comparing different antiepileptic drugs, the researchers found the risk was specifically associated with drugs that impair cognitive function.
Besides for epilepsy, antiepileptic drugs are used in the treatment of neuropathic pain, bipolar disorder and generalised anxiety disorder.
A research was done in Nigeria, to assess patients' adherence to antiepileptic drugs. From 120 subjects information was obtained about patients' baseline characteristics, estimated monthly income, and determinants of adherence.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for review the company's supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for its in-house developed antiepileptic drug Fycompa (generic name: perampanel) for the treatment of primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures (PGTC), a severe form of seizures, in patients 12 years or older.
Mothers who had epilepsy provided data about the use of antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Maculopapular exanthema, as the most frequent ADR to antiepileptic drugs such as carbamazepine or lamotrigine, is well recognized among physicians, especially severe cutaneous reactions such as SJS or TEN (3, 4, 7).
It outlines 34 antiepileptic drugs in alphabetical order, with information on general therapeutics, pharmacokinetics, the interaction profile, adverse effects, dosing and use, special populations, and the overall place of the drug in epilepsy treatment.
Fifty-three men treated with antiepileptic drugs for at least two years prior to enrollment in the Anti-Epileptic Drug and Osteoporosis Prevention Trial (ADOPT) were randomized to receive risedronate (a drug that helps prevent fractures) or a placebo for 12 weeks.
WASHINGTON -- Antiepileptic drug reduction should be considered in children who are seizure free after epilepsy surgery, according to findings from a retrospective chart study.