antimony trichloride


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antimony trichloride

[′an·tə‚mō·nē ‚trī′klȯr‚īd]
(inorganic chemistry)
SbCl3 Hygroscopic, colorless, crystalline mass; fumes slightly in air, is soluble in alcohol and acetone, and forms antimony oxychloride in water; used as a mordant, as a chlorinating agent, and in fireproofing textiles.
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First applied to tents and vehicle coverings during World War II, the fireproofing compound antimony trichloride saved the lives of many American GI's.
Other facilities in Lengshujiang prepare derivatives, particularly antimony oxide and antimony trichloride.
Antimony oxide is a very effective flame retardant for vinyl because it works synergistically with chlorine in the resin to form free-radical scavengers of antimony trichlorides and oxychlorides.