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Philosophy contradiction existing between two apparently indubitable propositions; paradox



a contradiction between two positions, each of which is equally demonstrable by logic.

The term “antinomy” was introduced in 1613 by the German philosopher R. Goclenius, although the contradictory character of thinking had already been discovered in ancient philosophy. I. Kant, the founder of German classical philosophy, was the first to demonstrate that antinomies necessarily arose from the characteristics of the cognition process, especially from the continual attempts of reason to go beyond the bounds of experience, to arrive at the knowledge of the “thing in itself.” And insofar as this is impossible, according to Kant, every such departure leads to an antinomy. In the Kantian doctrine concerning antinomies, a profound thought was expressed about the contradictory nature of the cognitive process, the dependence of the results of cognition on the existing forms of cognitive activity, and, at the same time, the limitless quality of cognition itself. This thought, however, was undermined by the agnosticism which was characteristic of Kant and by his denial of the contradictory nature of reality itself.

Dialectical materialism makes a distinction between antinomies which are the logical reflection of contradictions in reality itself (for example, the contradiction between the wave and the particle characteristics of the electron) and antinomic opinions—paradoxes brought forth by the specific level in the development of knowledge, especially by contradictions in the system of assumptions. Solving paradoxes is one of the principal sources in the development of cognition. For example, the theory of relativity arose as a result of the solution of certain antinomical points of departure in classical physics. But on the whole the concept of antinomy has no independent meaning in dialectical materialism, since it is subordinate to the category of contradiction.


Asmus, V. F. Filosofiia I. Kanta. Moscow, 1957.


References in periodicals archive ?
his own personal frustrations [and] his underlying lack of self-esteem" to one pole of the system of antinomies which besets his life: "Mookie is a victim of and catalyst for hate - racial, economic, and personal" (George 80).
Kant never solved this antinomy of freedom and determinism, but the very idea that there was no solution to such antinomies became a positive insight for his critical philosophy.
The overarching theme is the inseparable interweaving of the antinomies of metaphysical and epistemological realism and antirealism bequeathed to contemporary philosophy by early modern philosophy and the theory of ideas, antinomies Putnam would avoid by rejecting the underlying framework.
In "Totality and Totalization," Levinas uses Kant's antinomies to demonstrate the gap between reality and human totality.
Kant's diagnosis of the error committed in the arguments of the antinomies can be represented in the following fallacious syllogism.
Pickstone's crib-sheet turned the viewer's thoughts in another direction, drawing attention to some antinomies in the contemporary semiotics of print.
Gary Wilder's study of the two negritude poets who embraced politics in spite of themselves--Aime Cesaire and Leopold Sedar Senghor--is a welcome antidote to the essays and monographs that have been, for half a century and more, bogged down in antinomies.
On the Soberer Conclusions that May Be Drawn from Kantian and Cantonan Antinomies, DAMIAN BRAVO ZAMORA
Ross objects, however, that this dualism gives rise to certain very troublesome antinomies both in the concept of law and in the other fundamental legal concepts, and that dualists cannot avoid these antinomies by eliminating the concept of validity from their theories, since doing so would leave the resulting (monist) theory unable to even find its study object, but must instead substitute a non-cognitivist account of claims of legal validity for the non-naturalist (intuitionist) account characteristic of such dualism.
There is little acknowledgement of the fervent political aspirations and antinomies of the "Generation of 1914" writers and intellectuals, outside Martin's selected novelists.
In a modern organization, we daily experience the antinomies of politics and money, means and ends, and ambition and capacity.
In contrast to previous episodes, however, Vladimir Putin and Mohammad Khatami overcame "the stark antinomies of the past.