antiphon

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Antiphon

(ăn`tĭfŏn, –fən), c.479–411 B.C., Athenian orator. He rarely spoke in public but wrote defenses for others to speak. Of his 15 extant orations 3 were for use in court, the rest probably for the instruction of his pupils. A few fragments of other speeches survive. Antiphon did much to advance Attic prose writing. His position in politics was with the conservative aristocrats, and he was instrumental in setting up the Four Hundred in 411 B.C. When they fell, Antiphon was among the first to be executed before AlcibiadesAlcibiades
, c.450–404 B.C., Athenian statesman and general. Of the family of Alcmaeonidae, he was a ward of Pericles and was for many years a devoted attendant of Socrates. He turned to politics after the Peace of Nicias (421 B.C.
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 returned.

Bibliography

See R. K. Sprague, The Older Sophists (1972); Antiphon and Lysias (tr. by M. Edwards and S. Usher, 1985).


antiphon

(ăn`tĭfən), in Roman Catholic liturgical music, generally a short text sung before and after a psalm or canticle. The main use is in group singing of the Divine Office in a monastery. However, the sung introit, offertory, and communion verses of the Mass are also antiphons, whose psalms have for the most part disappeared. Certain festival chants, sung preparatory to the Mass itself, are called antiphons. There are also the four antiphons of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which are in the nature of office hymns and are sung by alternating choirs (i.e., antiphonally), each one belonging to a certain portion of the year. The best known of these is Salve Regina, of whose text there are many polyphonic settings. Modern antiphons are set to composed music rather than plainsongplainsong
or plainchant,
the unharmonized chant of the medieval Christian liturgies in Europe and the Middle East; usually synonymous with Gregorian chant, the liturgical music of the Roman Catholic Church.
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. These are independent choral works for which the English term anthemanthem
[ultimately from antiphon], short nonliturgical choral composition used in Protestant services, usually accompanied and having an English text. The term is used in a broader sense for "national anthems" and for the Latin motets still used occasionally in Anglican services.
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 was derived from antiphon.

antiphon

1. a short passage, usually from the Bible, recited or sung as a response after certain parts of a liturgical service
2. a psalm, hymn, etc., chanted or sung in alternate parts
References in periodicals archive ?
Antiphony is a mode of performance in which two voices respond to one another.
In The Black Atlantic, Gilroy investigates what he refers to as the "ethics of antiphony" in black music.
In 1992, theorist Paul Gilroy considered the "familialization of politics" in relation to black popular culture and proposed an "ethics of antiphony." The trope of the heterosexual blood family was confronted with the "fragile image of nonfamilial community" in the performer-audience relation, and hence with the idea of community as something to be enacted and experienced as performance.
Porto Alegre has many important writers (as does Curitiba, the other second-tier metropolitan area of the country), but there is very much of the sense of an antiphony between metropolis and province in the case of writers who are not identified with Rio and Sao Paulo.
The prophetic foreshadowing that occurs in the antiphony between the young Equiano and the Igbo wise men, simultaneously invites and obscures any simple interpretation or meaning in the narrative movement between the "ominous" and "harmless" as represented in Equiano's snake imagery.
This is so whether we discuss (as Cavell does in this quotation) the antiphony between Wittgenstein and American Pragmatism, or from within Cavell's own writings.
Yes, from Ellison's notes and drafts Callahan has fashioned a shapely synecdoche that coheres-a duet between "Daddy" Hickman, the black Southern preacher who's come to Washington in 1955 to warn a man he raised as a boy of impending violence, and Sunraider, the white New England senator who was brought up black but turned savagely on the color of this kindness; a Lincoln-haunted and Oedipus-inflected dialogue of down-home homilies, grandiose dreams and primal crime; a dialectic of masked pasts and screened memories; a call-and-response antiphony of flimflam riffs; a matched fall of twinned tricksters into shared mystery, lost history and filmed illusions.
Moreover, in descriptions of the public mourning over Hector's body, we are told that the bards were seated next to the body in order to lead the funerary songs or threnoi, with the women alternately taking up the song in antiphony. Still, Nagy remarks, the epic poem presents the contents only of the gooi, whereas the threnoi are only alluded to, without any indication of their contents.
In a recent study of Byrd's string fantasia a 6 in g, no.1, I took issue with Oliver Neighbour over his use of the terms `antiphony' and 'antiphonal' to describe features of Byrd's consort music.(1) My reasoning was that in single-group consort music antiphony proper (that is, between two spatially separated groups of performers) is not possible; that Byrd and others sometimes created an antiphonal effect by alternating a high-pitched subgroup with a low-pitched one; and that the exchange of material between instruments of the same pitch, which is effectively precluded by this `pitch-range antiphony', is better treated as `voice exchange' or `phrase exchange'.
Earlier in this essay, Morrison defines "the characteristics of [Black] art forms ...: antiphony, the group nature of art, its functionality, its improvisational nature, its relationship to audience performance, the critical voice which upholds tradition and communal values and which also provides occasion for an individual to transcend and/or defy group restrictions" (pp.
Langer believes the "prayer's" juxtaposition introduces "a dreadful antiphony that polarizes two possible realities of the Holocaust even as it attempts to interweave them" (263).
My first Antiphony was made in 1958: a work for three string groups and tape.