antipope


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antipope

[Lat.,=against the pope], person elected pope whose election was declared uncanonical and in opposition to a canonically chosen pontiff. Important antipopes were NovatianNovatian
, fl. 250, Roman priest, antipope (from 251), and theologian. He opposed the election of St. Cornelius as pope and set himself up instead. He gained followers throughout the empire because of his espousal of the idea that those fallen from grace by compromising their
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; Clement III (see Guibert of RavennaGuibert of Ravenna
, d. 1100, Italian churchman, antipope (1080–1100) Clement III, b. Parma. As imperial chancellor of Italy (1057–63), he consistently supported the Holy Roman emperor's opposition to papal reform efforts, and he led the party that repudiated Pope
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); Nicholas V (see Rainalducci, PietroRainalducci or Rainallucci, Pietro
, d. 1333, Italian churchman (b. Corvaro, near Rieti), antipope (1328–30) with the name Nicholas V.
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); Clement VII (see Robert of GenevaRobert of Geneva,
d. 1394, Genevan churchman, antipope (1378–94; see Schism, Great) with the name Clement VII. He was archbishop of Cambrai (1368) and was created (1371) a cardinal.
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); Benedict XIII (see Luna, Pedro deLuna, Pedro de
, 1328?–1423?, Aragonese churchman, antipope (1394–1417) with the name Benedict XIII. He was a doctor of canon law and as cardinal (1375) became an outstanding member of the Curia Romana.
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); John XXIII (or by a different count, John XXII; see Cossa, BaldassareCossa, Baldassare
, c.1370–1419, Neapolitan churchman, antipope (1410–15; see Schism, Great) with the name John XXIII. He had a military career before entering the service of the church.
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); and Felix V (see Amadeus VIIIAmadeus VIII
, 1383–1451, count (1391–1416) and duke (from 1416) of Savoy, antipope (1439–49) with the name Felix V. In 1434 he appointed his son regent of Savoy and retired to the hermitage of Ripaille, on Lake Geneva, which he had founded.
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), who was the last antipope.

antipope

a rival pope elected in opposition to one who has been canonically chosen
References in periodicals archive ?
Gregory XII agreed to resign the following year, succeeded by Pope Martin V (although some entities refused to recognize him and some antipopes continued to reign).
The deacon confides in the bishop that he is there because he continued to support the antipope Laurentius even after the church had healed the schism with Laurentius' party and universally accepted Symmachus as pope.
Greenblatt's speculation about Poggio's activities at the Council of Constance, where he was secretary to Baldassare Cossa, an antipope during the Great Western Schism, is somewhat suspect.
He said the reality is that "there have always been two Spains, Catholic and anti-Catholic." That second current will make itself felt during Benedict's trip, as the government has recently approved two antipope rallies, including one by a gay and lesbian rights group.
After Basel elected an antipope, Nicholas vigorously defended Eugenius's cause throughout Germany.
7 illustrates a cartoon which was affixed to the statue's base during this period, in which George Bush is portrayed as the 'Antipope', crowned with a warhead in place of a papal tiara.
Fortunately, or unfortunately, the scandalous and horrifying absurdities of Ludwig's comic-opera coronations in Rome and his appointment of an antipope (12 May 1328) all took place years after Dante's death.
He was instrumental in the success of Pope Innocent II 's cause over the claims of the antipope, Cardinal Peter of Leon.
Perhaps this saintliness is why Pepin's line produced Charlemagne, whose own sainthood, declared by Antipope Pascal III, remained a bone of contention for centuries.
Following the death of Pope Fabian, and during the Decian persecution, there was a 14-month gap (as well as an antipope named Novatian) before Cornelius was elected.
Filelfo alleges that Cosimo poisoned the antipope John XXIII (1360?-1419) and supplies a detailed, almost journalistic, discussion of Cosimo's embezzlement of papal funds during the papacy of Martin V.
Their selection of letters spans more than two decades, when Aeneas rose from low-ranking administrator at the Council of Basel to secretary to the antipope Felix V to a position of confidence in the imperial chancery and, finally, to the bishoprics of Trieste and Siena.