antivenin

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antivenin

[¦an·tē¦ven·ən]
(immunology)
An immune serum that neutralizes the venoms of certain poisonous snakes and black widow spiders.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers collected venom samples from the most medically important snakes in East Africa and pre-clinically tested the comparative venom-neutralising efficacy of four antivenoms available in Kenya with two antivenoms of clinically-proven efficacy.
Our results corroborate, for the polyspecific crotaline antivenom produced in Mexico by BIRMEX, the extensive cross-reactivity described for bothropic antivenoms in Latin America (Bogarin et al.
Teaching health workers the rational use and administration of antivenoms and proper snakebite identification will save lives and reduce antivenom waste.
In Australia each year there are approximately 3000 incidents of snake bite, resulting in 1-4 deaths despite the wide availability of first aid, intensive care and antivenom (Isbister et al.
Allergic reactions to the serum components of antivenoms are less common in dogs than humans, but they can occur.
Assessment of an ovine antivenom raised against venom from the desert black cobra (Walterinnesia aegyptia).
It is probably worthwhile for clinicians who are expected to manage snake bites to have knowledge of the snake species that can be treated with the polyvalent and monovalent antivenoms (Table 3) as well as a few other medically important snakes such as the vine snake, stiletto snake, berg adder and night adder.
Melbourne, July 1 (ANI): The development of a new low-cost antivenom against a lethal snake could encourage many developing countries, such as Papua New Guinea, to produce their own.
acutus antivenom, he continued to have progressive airway edema requiring intubation.
The relatively high risk of allergic and anaphylactic reactions to polyvalent antivenoms has led to recommendations that it be administered in a hospital setting and not 'in the field'.
Bites by the Western Coral Snake, an entirely different species, have never been covered by antivenom because they are not known to cause potentially fatal respiratory failure.