This may indicate that producers of antivenoms
, due to their specialization, are more fluent in staying up to date with developments in their field, while NHAs might neglect topics that are not a priority on their agendas.
In Australia each year there are approximately 3000 incidents of snake bite, resulting in 1-4 deaths despite the wide availability of first aid, intensive care and antivenom
(Isbister et al., 2007; Therapeutic Guidelines, 2012).
Schott keeps a supply of antivenom
(also known as antivenin) on hand.
Formulation of a liquid ovine Fab-based antivenom
for the treatment of envenomation by the Nigerian carpet viper (Echis ocellatus).
Neutralization of differents activities of venoms from nine species of Bothrops snakes by Bothrops jararaca antivenom
Clinical and laboratory presentation, including important pain without inflammatory signals at the site of the sting, symptoms of profuse emesis and sweating, hyperglycemia associated with hypokalemia, hyperamylasemia, and the fact that the incident occurred in an area infested with scorpions and that the patient's clinical condition improved a lot after scorpion antivenom
administration, further supports our conclusion.
made by the South African Vaccine Producers (SAVP)
Researchers from the Australian Venom Research Unit (AVRU) at the University of Melbourne have collaborated with scientists from the University of Papua New Guinea and the University of Costa Rica, to develop new antivenom
against the lethal Papuan taipan.
Answers: 1) antivenom
; 2) necrotoxin; 3) toxin; 4) red blood cells; 5) hemotoxin; 6) tissues
Seasonal variations of snakebites and the effectiveness and complications of antivenom
In conclusion, producing antivenoms
helps us treat our patients without struggling with drug insufficiency problem, which is a common problem worldwide since the closure of big manufacturers at the end of 20th century (9).