(redirected from aortic regurgitation)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms.
Related to aortic regurgitation: mitral regurgitation


Reverse circulation of blood in the heart due to defective functioning of the valves.
Bringing back into the mouth undigested food from the stomach.


(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Many of the early materialization mediums were accused of fraud, with the explanation that the ectoplasm that they produced was, in fact, physical material that they had swallowed and then regurgitated. This theory was first propounded in 1922 by the Society for Psychical Research (SPR) in the case of Eva C.. The medium Eva Carriere was visiting London and being investigated by the SPR. Professor Charles Richet said, “They [the SPR] admit that the only possible trickery is regurgitation. But what is meant by that? How can masses of mobile substance, organized as hands, faces, and drawings, be made to emerge from the oesophagus or the stomach? … How, when the medium’s hands are tied and held, could papers be unfolded, put away and made to pass through a veil?"

At a séance on November 26, 1913, conducted by Baron von Schrenck-Notzing, a strong emetic was given to Eva to answer the charge that the ectoplasm was actually regurgitated material. It satisfied the researchers that she had swallowed nothing. A number of experiments took place at Dr. Gustav Geley’s laboratories in 1917 and 1918. Nearly 150 scientists and others witnessed the sittings.

To state that the medium had “obviously regurgitated material” became a typical dismissal of a medium’s performance by a researcher either too lazy to fully investigate or too skeptical to accept what was being proven before his eyes. However, there certainly were fraudulent mediums who did swallow cheesecloth and similar material and attempt to regurgitate it to create an ectoplasmic effect. One such was Helen Duncan, who was examined by the National Laboratory of Psychical Research. Following this, the Morning Post of July 14, 1931, carried an article claiming that Duncan had been caught out and exposed as a fraud. Researcher Harry Price called her “one of the cleverest frauds in the history of Spiritualism.” It transpired that the “ectoplasm” was in fact a composition of wood pulp and egg white, which she was able to swallow and then regurgitate. On July 17, the Light carried a followup article also branding her as a fraud and carrying a confession from her husband.


Fodor, Nandor: Encyclopedia of Psychic Science. London: Arthurs Press, 1933
The International Survivalist Society:
Psychic News, #3754, June 19, 2004. Stansted, Essex
Leonard, Sue (ed): Quest For the Unknown—Life Beyond Death. Pleasantville: Reader’s Digest, 1992
References in periodicals archive ?
LV dysfunction is very rare in Mitral Stenosis and late feature in other lesions like Mitral regurgitation, Aortic regurgitation and Aortic stenosis.
She had fusion of the right and the non-coronary cusp but had a combination of severe aortic stenosis and moderate aortic regurgitation.
Frequency by decades of unicuspid, bicuspid, and tricuspid aortic valves in adults having isolated aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis, with or without associated aortic regurgitation.
The prognosis is maintained reserved due to the old age, the severe aortic regurgitation and comorbidities (gastric cancer).
Echocardiogram showed an ejection fraction of 5560% and mild aortic regurgitation.
Echocardiography also revealed a mass over the anterior aortic valve with mild aortic stenosis and moderate aortic regurgitation (Figure 1).
Led by Cleveland Clinic cardiologist Murat Tuzcu, MD, the study of the Direct Flow Medical system resulted in low rates of mortality and stroke, as well as minimal aortic regurgitation.
This subanalysis from the company's Phase III ARISTOTLE trial reportedly evaluated Eliquis compared to warfarin in 4,808 patients with or without other types of valvular heart disease (VHD) who were eligible for enrollment in the ARISTOTLE trial, including mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, aortic regurgitation, aortic stenosis, tricuspid regurgitation, or valve surgery.
Patients with rheumatic HVD, consisted of previously diagnosed as ARF, fulfilled the modified Jones criteria and followed-up in our clinic because of mitral regurgitation (MR) and/or aortic regurgitation (AR) that are the sequela of acute rheumatic carditis.
Chapters cover coronary artery disease, thrombolytic therapy in acute myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease in women and Indians, pulmonary embolism, lipid metabolism, hypertension, congestive heart failure, acute circulatory collapse, arrhythmias, pacemakers, rheumatic fever, mitral and aortic regurgitation, mitral valve prolapse, heart defects, valve disorders, bacterial endocarditis, pericardial diseases, diseases of the aorta, pregnancy and heart disease, heart transplant, tumors, depression in patients, exercise electrocardiographic testing, nuclear imaging, evaluation of syncope, heart catheterization, risk assessment in noncardiac surgical procedures, stem cell therapy, sudden cardiac death and genomics, and other topics.
The company's proprietary technology encompasses a distinctive transcatheter aortic heart valve with a metal-free frame and flexible, low-profile delivery system that virtually eliminates aortic regurgitation.