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(ăf`ərĭz'əm), short, pithy statement of an evident truth concerned with life or nature; distinguished from the axiom because its truth is not capable of scientific demonstration. HippocratesHippocrates
, c.460–c.370 B.C., Greek physician, recognized as the father of medicine. He is believed to have been born on the island of Cos, to have studied under his father, a physician, to have traveled for some time, perhaps studying in Athens, and to have then
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 was the first to use the term for his Aphorisms, briefly stated medical principles. Note his famous opening sentence: "Life is short, art is long, opportunity fleeting, experimenting dangerous, reasoning difficult."



a generalized, finalized, and profound idea of an author, expressed in laconic, refined form; it is distinguished by its apt expressiveness and obvious unexpectedness of judgment. Like a proverb, an aphorism does not prove or document but rather acts on the consciousness through the original formulation of a thought. The expressiveness of aphorisms increases with a decrease in the number of words; about three-fourths of all aphorisms consist of three to five words. Aphorisms are formed both in the context of scientific, philosophical, and artistic works and independently: “Mediocrity is more easily forgiven than talent” (E. Krotkii); “Each hears only what he understands” (J. W. Goethe); “Knowledge is power” (F. Bacon). The verbal fabric of aphorisms permits no changes.


Uspenskii, L. “Korotko ob aforizmakh.” In the collection Aforizmy. Compiled by E. S. Raize. Leningrad, 1964.
Asemissen, H. U. “Notizen über den Aphorismus.” Trivium. [Zürich,] 1949, no. 2.


References in periodicals archive ?
Shakespeare's best known utterances, his most often quoted expressions, go beyond the aphorism, of course.
First, he uses as an epigram the thirty-fifth aphorism of Harrington's Aphorisms Political.
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The world in a phrase; a brief history of the aphorism.
Belgian painter Magritte (1898-1967) wrote throughout his life, in genres such as essays, prose-poems, manifestos, polemics, lectures, reviews, film scripts, memoirs, interviews, pamphlets, aphorism, and plays on words and images.
It's an aphorism, and like all the best ones, it feels as if it always existed, and only needed someone to discover it.
Master of aphorism, he had almost a miraculous ability to capture a rainbow of meaning in a few dewdrops of well chosen words.
The meaning of each aphorism is but the culmination of a more elaborate argument.
Nietzsche's use and understanding of an aphorism changed with time, but the author argues here that a common constant throughout his aphoristic output was that of excess.