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A place where bees are kept, especially for breeding and honey making.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the production unit of a bee farm. It consists of an apicultural farmstead, with beehives, apicultural structures (winter hive, honey house, apicultural workshop, collapsible portable huts, sheds for an observation hive and reserve hives, etc.), and various beekeeping equipment. Large bee farms and specialized commercial farms have several apiaries.

Apiaries are located near masses of melliferous plants in dry places that are protected from the wind by trees and shrubs. Apiaries may be permanent or mobile. Permanent apiaries are usually constructed in areas that have much melliferous vegetation and that are not easily accessible (mountainous and mountain-taiga regions). Mobile apiaries are used not only for nearby melliferous areas but are transported to distant tracts of melliferous blossoms for supplementary nectar gathering and for crop pollination.

Specialization in apiculture has determined the various commercial uses of apiaries. The most common specialization is the production of commercial honey. Such apiaries are usually located on lands that are rich in natural nectar bearers (in the USSR in the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East). The best of these apiaries yield 100–180 kg of honey per hive. Pollination apiaries are set up in regions with developed horticulture and seed culture of field and vegetable crops, for hothouse and cold-frame crops, and on fruit and berry farms for crop pollination both in the greenhouse and in the open field. Bee-rearing and queen-rearing apiaries are concerned with the propagation of bees and rearing of queens for sale to commercial honey, pollination, and multipurpose (combining the functions of the aforementioned types of apiaries) bee farms. Some multipurpose apiaries produce medicinal products, such as vitaminized and therapeutic honey, obtained by feeding the bees concentrated sugar syrup with the juices of fruits, vegetables, and medicinal herbs. They also sell propolis, bee toxin, royal jelly, and flower pollen. Experimental apiaries are set up to carry out research and to disseminate the achievements of apiculture and the most advanced techniques.

The largest apiaries in the world, numbering hundreds and thousands of bee colonies, are concentrated in the USSR, USA, Canada, and Australia. In the European countries (such as Great Britain, France, Italy, Spain, Federal Republic of Germany, German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, and Poland), small hobbyist apiaries predominate.


Tiunin, F. A., and L. I. Perepelova. Rabota na paseke. Moscow, 1957.
Kovalev, A. M. Ukhod za pchelami, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1959.
Uchebnik pchelovoda, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1965.
Tsvetkov, I. P. Paseka pchelovoda-liubitelia. Moscow, 1968.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most impressive, the team detected viruses on 19 per cent of the flowers they sampled from sites near apiaries. "I thought this was going to be like looking for a needle in a haystack.
Most impressive, the team detected viruses on 19% of the flowers they sampled from sites near apiaries. "I thought this was going to be like looking for a needle in a haystack.
The announcement follows a warning by the met service of extremely high temperatures on Saturday and following a largefirein Ypsonas some two weeks ago, which burned approximately half a square kilometre of vegetation but also a number of apiaries. It also killed farmanimals and dogs.
Caption: Students at Gonzaga University explore a bee box display at a Bee Informed event on Earth Day 2017 held at the campus' Hemmingson Center, home to two of the school's three apiaries.
Field experiments of bait attractiveness were conducted in four apiaries. Preparation started in March, 2015.
Noor Islam Khattak, a Senior Scientific Officer, at National Agriculture Research Centre (NARC) and Syed Asim Shah (Shah Farms-Karachi) trained the honey bee keepers and traders on various aspects of the honey bee keeping, by products, quality assurance in apiaries and processing, packaging, and branding techniques.
Meanwhile in Helmand province, which is largely a battlefield, apiaries have been set up with the help of the Ministry of Agriculture and some non-governmental organisations (NGOs).
Huddersfield and District Beekeeping Association members, from left, chairman Brian Hinchliffe, vice- chairman |Michael Sykes, Andy Caveney, Geoff Haigh and apiaries site manager Tony White
"An application form shall be distributed to all owners and managers of apiaries here to be filled up at the first visit of staff inspectors.
Many apiaries and beekeepers in the Magnolia State are sharing liquid gold.
Adopt A Beehive's new North East beekeeper, Professor John Hobrough, in >one of two apiaries in Warkworth
One control and thirteen experimental apiaries were used for these studies conducted between December 2009 and September 2011.