Apiary

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Related to apiarist: apiculture

apiary

[′a·pē‚er·ē]
(agriculture)
A place where bees are kept, especially for breeding and honey making.

Apiary

 

the production unit of a bee farm. It consists of an apicultural farmstead, with beehives, apicultural structures (winter hive, honey house, apicultural workshop, collapsible portable huts, sheds for an observation hive and reserve hives, etc.), and various beekeeping equipment. Large bee farms and specialized commercial farms have several apiaries.

Apiaries are located near masses of melliferous plants in dry places that are protected from the wind by trees and shrubs. Apiaries may be permanent or mobile. Permanent apiaries are usually constructed in areas that have much melliferous vegetation and that are not easily accessible (mountainous and mountain-taiga regions). Mobile apiaries are used not only for nearby melliferous areas but are transported to distant tracts of melliferous blossoms for supplementary nectar gathering and for crop pollination.

Specialization in apiculture has determined the various commercial uses of apiaries. The most common specialization is the production of commercial honey. Such apiaries are usually located on lands that are rich in natural nectar bearers (in the USSR in the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East). The best of these apiaries yield 100–180 kg of honey per hive. Pollination apiaries are set up in regions with developed horticulture and seed culture of field and vegetable crops, for hothouse and cold-frame crops, and on fruit and berry farms for crop pollination both in the greenhouse and in the open field. Bee-rearing and queen-rearing apiaries are concerned with the propagation of bees and rearing of queens for sale to commercial honey, pollination, and multipurpose (combining the functions of the aforementioned types of apiaries) bee farms. Some multipurpose apiaries produce medicinal products, such as vitaminized and therapeutic honey, obtained by feeding the bees concentrated sugar syrup with the juices of fruits, vegetables, and medicinal herbs. They also sell propolis, bee toxin, royal jelly, and flower pollen. Experimental apiaries are set up to carry out research and to disseminate the achievements of apiculture and the most advanced techniques.

The largest apiaries in the world, numbering hundreds and thousands of bee colonies, are concentrated in the USSR, USA, Canada, and Australia. In the European countries (such as Great Britain, France, Italy, Spain, Federal Republic of Germany, German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, and Poland), small hobbyist apiaries predominate.

REFERENCES

Tiunin, F. A., and L. I. Perepelova. Rabota na paseke. Moscow, 1957.
Kovalev, A. M. Ukhod za pchelami, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1959.
Uchebnik pchelovoda, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1965.
Tsvetkov, I. P. Paseka pchelovoda-liubitelia. Moscow, 1968.

P. I. TIMENSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
To increase honey production, itinerant apiarists opt for other stations not depending on the study area, including:
Popescu printed a brochure with the title of Beekeeping; in 1896, Pahome Stoenescu printed at Ramnicu Valcea the brochure with the title of Modern apiculture, while in 1898, Ion Petculescu printed at Pitecti the Guide of the Apiarist.
Despite fears the population of bees was plummeting due to disease and loss of habitat, the British Beekeepers Association has seen an increase in their numbers due to a growing popularity in hobby apiarists.
CALA called on keen apiarist Professor Phillip Banfill, from Heriot Watt University, to serve a polite eviction notice.
Seventeenth-century records kept in Oman indicate that the illustrious Imam Saif bin Sultan was a keen apiarist keeping bees in the lush gardens of his fortress in Rustaq.
In addition to taking beekeeping classes, I joined an apiarist association.
The ancient art of the apiarist is almost a religion in North Carolina, which boasts more beekeepers than any other state in the nation.
Footnote: I am grateful to Leigh Hauter, apiarist in Virginia, for sending me some specimens of yellow rain.
Diana Cox-Foster, Head of the CCD working group; Dennis vanEngelsdorp, State Apiarist for Pennsylvania; and David Hackenberg, the beekeeper who first alerted officials on the massive die-offs of bees, among others.
It delivers practical courses to encourage beginners, and provides mentorship and a wealth of information and support for the more experienced apiarist.
Finally, Neil, on the question of freebies, if you have lots of bees in your bonnet, phone a local apiarist who will come and collect them free and probably give you a few jars of honey gratis.
For the rural or urban apiarist, a good mix of honey production and pollination probably is the most desirable use, but you'll also want to find a gentle bee.