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Related to apiarist: apiculture


A place where bees are kept, especially for breeding and honey making.



the production unit of a bee farm. It consists of an apicultural farmstead, with beehives, apicultural structures (winter hive, honey house, apicultural workshop, collapsible portable huts, sheds for an observation hive and reserve hives, etc.), and various beekeeping equipment. Large bee farms and specialized commercial farms have several apiaries.

Apiaries are located near masses of melliferous plants in dry places that are protected from the wind by trees and shrubs. Apiaries may be permanent or mobile. Permanent apiaries are usually constructed in areas that have much melliferous vegetation and that are not easily accessible (mountainous and mountain-taiga regions). Mobile apiaries are used not only for nearby melliferous areas but are transported to distant tracts of melliferous blossoms for supplementary nectar gathering and for crop pollination.

Specialization in apiculture has determined the various commercial uses of apiaries. The most common specialization is the production of commercial honey. Such apiaries are usually located on lands that are rich in natural nectar bearers (in the USSR in the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East). The best of these apiaries yield 100–180 kg of honey per hive. Pollination apiaries are set up in regions with developed horticulture and seed culture of field and vegetable crops, for hothouse and cold-frame crops, and on fruit and berry farms for crop pollination both in the greenhouse and in the open field. Bee-rearing and queen-rearing apiaries are concerned with the propagation of bees and rearing of queens for sale to commercial honey, pollination, and multipurpose (combining the functions of the aforementioned types of apiaries) bee farms. Some multipurpose apiaries produce medicinal products, such as vitaminized and therapeutic honey, obtained by feeding the bees concentrated sugar syrup with the juices of fruits, vegetables, and medicinal herbs. They also sell propolis, bee toxin, royal jelly, and flower pollen. Experimental apiaries are set up to carry out research and to disseminate the achievements of apiculture and the most advanced techniques.

The largest apiaries in the world, numbering hundreds and thousands of bee colonies, are concentrated in the USSR, USA, Canada, and Australia. In the European countries (such as Great Britain, France, Italy, Spain, Federal Republic of Germany, German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, and Poland), small hobbyist apiaries predominate.


Tiunin, F. A., and L. I. Perepelova. Rabota na paseke. Moscow, 1957.
Kovalev, A. M. Ukhod za pchelami, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1959.
Uchebnik pchelovoda, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1965.
Tsvetkov, I. P. Paseka pchelovoda-liubitelia. Moscow, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
Like many apiarists, he is worried about how the bees will survive during winter and how the weather may affect the hive.
Since time immemorial honey has been promoted as a remedy for many illnesses in Arabia where apiarists enjoyed almost regal status in local society.
Only about 20 percent of all apiarists make half their earnings or more from keeping bees, and barely 4 percent depend solely on bees for income.
History tells us that the illustrious Imam Saif bin Sultan (1688-1711) was a keen apiarist raising bees in the bountiful gardens of his fortress in Rustaq.
I declined, became what was probably the first wholly independent metropolitan apiarist, and have not looked back.
If our bees were to come in touch with the genetically modified corn, and the honey was contaminated with it, we would not be allowed to sell it," said Karl Heinz Bablock, an apiarist who resettled his beehives.
I didn't realize he had given up his official day job to be a fulltime apiarist and consultant to a four-state area, helping other beekeepers maintain healthy colonies.
To start tracking down the cause of Hackenberg's troubles, state apiarist Dennis vanEngelsdorp, based at Penn State, and his colleagues undertook detailed case studies of affected beehives.
The Heatherslaw Corn Mill in Cornhill-on-Tweed is named the fastest grain to loaf; L Robson & Sons Ltd, in Craster, Northumberland, provides the tastiest kipper tea; and Chain Bridge Honey Farm in Berwick-upon-Tweed is the most dedicated Apiarist.
It is firmly established in the key commercial honey-producing areas in the south-east, according to Teagasc apiarist Patsy Bennett, who is based at its research station in Clonroche, Co Wexford.
Under the agreement, third-generation apiarist Steven S.
Miranda Matthews' business card describes here as "Special Professor, alchemist and apiarist to the stars.