Apiary

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apiary

[′a·pē‚er·ē]
(agriculture)
A place where bees are kept, especially for breeding and honey making.

Apiary

 

the production unit of a bee farm. It consists of an apicultural farmstead, with beehives, apicultural structures (winter hive, honey house, apicultural workshop, collapsible portable huts, sheds for an observation hive and reserve hives, etc.), and various beekeeping equipment. Large bee farms and specialized commercial farms have several apiaries.

Apiaries are located near masses of melliferous plants in dry places that are protected from the wind by trees and shrubs. Apiaries may be permanent or mobile. Permanent apiaries are usually constructed in areas that have much melliferous vegetation and that are not easily accessible (mountainous and mountain-taiga regions). Mobile apiaries are used not only for nearby melliferous areas but are transported to distant tracts of melliferous blossoms for supplementary nectar gathering and for crop pollination.

Specialization in apiculture has determined the various commercial uses of apiaries. The most common specialization is the production of commercial honey. Such apiaries are usually located on lands that are rich in natural nectar bearers (in the USSR in the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East). The best of these apiaries yield 100–180 kg of honey per hive. Pollination apiaries are set up in regions with developed horticulture and seed culture of field and vegetable crops, for hothouse and cold-frame crops, and on fruit and berry farms for crop pollination both in the greenhouse and in the open field. Bee-rearing and queen-rearing apiaries are concerned with the propagation of bees and rearing of queens for sale to commercial honey, pollination, and multipurpose (combining the functions of the aforementioned types of apiaries) bee farms. Some multipurpose apiaries produce medicinal products, such as vitaminized and therapeutic honey, obtained by feeding the bees concentrated sugar syrup with the juices of fruits, vegetables, and medicinal herbs. They also sell propolis, bee toxin, royal jelly, and flower pollen. Experimental apiaries are set up to carry out research and to disseminate the achievements of apiculture and the most advanced techniques.

The largest apiaries in the world, numbering hundreds and thousands of bee colonies, are concentrated in the USSR, USA, Canada, and Australia. In the European countries (such as Great Britain, France, Italy, Spain, Federal Republic of Germany, German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, and Poland), small hobbyist apiaries predominate.

REFERENCES

Tiunin, F. A., and L. I. Perepelova. Rabota na paseke. Moscow, 1957.
Kovalev, A. M. Ukhod za pchelami, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1959.
Uchebnik pchelovoda, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1965.
Tsvetkov, I. P. Paseka pchelovoda-liubitelia. Moscow, 1968.

P. I. TIMENSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
However, hives number per apiary vary depending on beekeeper categories: 2-22 hives for the traditional beekeepers, 4-150 hives for the sedentary modern ones, and 100-300 for the itinerant apiarists visiting the survey area.
The number of the apiarists in Syria estimated at 20,000 as about 30,000 families work in this career.
Currently Romania uses systematic beehives, as more than 60,000 apiarists did, and the sold honey production increased to over 16 kg/beehive; about 2% of the rural population had beehives.
Like many apiarists, he is worried about how the bees will survive during winter and how the weather may affect the hive.
Once these trees have been identified, research is conducted in an effort toward finding those varieties most suited to Israeli conditions and make them available to apiarists throughout the country.
Alois Hitler, Adolf's father, did keep bees in Hafeld, and so must have known a few apiarists in the area.
30 (VOI) -- Head of the Iraqi beekeepers association on Saturday said that his association received an invitation to participate in the 6th annual Arab apiarists meeting that will be held in March 2009 in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Apiarists from Germany, Poland, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, Greece, Scotland, Wales, England, and New Zealand have all reported cases of CCD.
Now, state bee inspectors and commercial apiarists have a fast, new way to check Varroa mites for resistance to coumaphos, one of the chemicals used to rid hives of these blood-sucking parasites.
And in a smaller-scale aviation row, EU apiarists have won a ban on US bees invading European airspace.