Periodontitis

(redirected from apical periodontitis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

periodontitis

[¦per·ē·ō‚dän′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the periodontium.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Periodontitis

 

an acute or chronic inflammation of the periodontium and adjacent tissues. Periodontitis is usually a result of dental caries and arises as infection spreads from the root canal through the apical foramen to the apex of the root. It may also develop from frequently recurring injury to the tooth; this kind of injury can result from such occupational habits as biting thread or grasping metal nails with the teeth and from any habitual biting of hard objects, for example, pencils or the mouthpieces of pipes.

Acute periodontitis is manifested by sharp pain in the region of the tooth that intensifies when the inflamed area is touched. Swelling often occurs in the gums, lips, or cheeks, and the affected tooth becomes loose. The enlarged submaxillary lymph nodes become sensitive, and fever occasionally arises. The process may sometimes be complicated by osteomyelitis of the jaw, purulent inflammation of the soft tissues of the face and neck, and acute sepsis. Symptoms of chronic periodontitis usually include discomfort while chewing, halitosis, and sometimes fistulas on the gums and facial skin. Chronic periodontitis can lead to the formation of a cyst of the jaw, and both forms of periodontitis can sensitize the body to streptococci.

Treatment of periodontitis is usually conservative, consisting of filling the root canals. Often the tooth is removed. Abscesses are lanced, and antibiotics are used to treat pronounced general symptoms.

REFERENCES

Groshikov, M. I. Periodontit. Moscow, 1964.
Marchenko, A. I. “Bolezni periodonta.” In Rukovodstvo po terapevticheskoi stomatologii. Moscow, 1967.
Ovrutskii, G. D., F. G. Gasimov, and S. V. Makarov. Bolezni zubov. Kazan, 1967.
Rybakov, A. I., and V. S. Ivanov. Klinika terapevticheskoi stomatologii. Moscow, 1973.

G. D. OVRUTSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Accuracy of cone beam computed tomography and panoramic and periapical radiography for detection of apical periodontitis. J Endod.
Isolation of yeasts and enteric bacteria in root-filled teeth with chronic apical periodontitis. Int Endod J 2001;34:429-34.
Alves, "Microbiome in the apical root canal system of teeth with post-treatment apical periodontitis," PLoS ONE, vol.
If the primary goal of regenerative endodontic procedures is elimination of clinical symptom/sign and resolution of apical periodontitis (37), then repair, although not an ideal wound healing, is not a treatment failure (35, 36).
Differences by age, gender, tooth type (incisor, premolar or molar), tooth region (maxillary or mandibular), previous treatment (no treatment or previous root canal treatment) and presence of apical periodontitis lesions were analyzed by Pearson chi-square test with significance rate set at 5%.
Figdor, "Endodontic treatment of apical periodontitis," in Essential Endodontology: Prevention and Treatment of Apical Periodontitis.