aplasia

(redirected from aplasia cutis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

aplasia

[ā′plāzh·ə]
(medicine)
Defective development which results in the virtual absence of a tissue or an organ; only a remnant appears.
References in periodicals archive ?
A clinical diagnosis of aplasia cutis congenita was made.
Aplasia cutis congenital in two brothers:a rare occurrence.
Aplasia cutis congenita: Surgical treatment and results in 36 cases.
Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) (OMIM 107600) is another rare anomaly with congenital localized absence of skin usually on the scalp.1 The skin appears as a thin, transparent membrane through which the underlying structures are visible.
Aplasia cutis congenita is "rarely on the trunk or extremities, though this can happen anywhere," he said.
Adams-Oliver syndrome, aplasia cutis congenita, cutis marmorata telangiectatica, limb reduction defects.
Occasionally mistaken for fetal scalp monitor trauma, neonatal herpes simplex infection, or a nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn, this characteristic pattern--a collar of coarse hair surrounding an area of membranous aplasia cutis congenita--can be a marker for cranial dysraphism, a developmental defect of the skull potentially associated with structural neurologic defects.
The presence of an initial tense bulla on the vertex scalp suggests a diagnosis of aplasia cutis congenita.
INTRODUCTION: Aplasia Cutis Congenita (ACC) is a rare anomaly characterized by absence of portion of skin over localized or widespread area.
Results In our study, major causes of cicatricial alopecia were lichen planopilaris (27.5%), discoid lupus erythematosus (25%), pseudopelade of Brocq (20%), systemic lupus erythematosus (5%) followed by scleroderma, dermatomyositis, keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans, aplasia cutis, kerion, follicular mucinosis, pemphigus, dissecting cellulitis of scalp/ pyogenic folliculitis and acne keloidalis nuchae in 2.5% cases each.