apnea

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apnea

[′ap·nē·ə]
(medicine)
A transient cessation of respiration.
References in periodicals archive ?
After randomization, the infants were subjected to the use of theophylline (group-1) or caffeine (group 2) for the treatment of apneic episodes.
The acute autonomic and cardiopulmonary disturbances that are associated with repetitive nocturnal apneic episodes can lead to sustained diurnal hypertension, irrespective of other known risk factors for hypertension [9-12].
This approach required three apneic periods for completion, with intermittent placement of a standard endotracheal tube through the stoma for ventilation.
(Pressure greater than atmospheric pressure is called positive pressure.) Scientists have long described CPAP as an "air splint for the upper airway" believing that the pressurized air exerts an outward pushing force against the upper airway structures that is greater than the inward pulling force acting on the structures during an apneic episode.
Non apneic mechanism of arterial 02 desaturation during REM sleep.
The BSS algorithm is applied to the EEG sample under four different cases such as an EEG signal of a sleep recording, a stereo file containing an EEG signal and EOG signal, an EEG signal of the recording of an apneic patient and a stereo file containing two EEG signals of a sleep recording.
(1,5) As the use of succinylcholine increased, a subset of patients with normal dibucaine numbers and a prolonged apneic response to succinylcholine were encountered.
(10) In these infants, by 43 to 44 weeks postmenstrual age, the frequency of apneic episodes decreases to that of full-term infants.
Historically, several methods of ventilation have been used: apneic oxygenation, spontaneous assisted ventilation, controlled ventilation in a closed system, manual jet ventilation and high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) [1].
Key clinical point: An oral appliance to advance the lower jaw reduced apneic episodes, snoring, and restless legs symptoms.
As the patient continues to decline, respirations often increase to approximately 40 breaths per minute, then rapidly decrease until the patient is apneic and experiences respiratory failure (Dennison, 2013).