apnea

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apnea

[′ap·nē·ə]
(medicine)
A transient cessation of respiration.
References in periodicals archive ?
Compared to non-REM sleep, REM sleep is associated with longer apnoeic episodes and more frequent oxyhaemoglobin desaturation (Findley et al 1985).
The aim of the present study was, therefore, to determine the absolute concentration of cerebral metabolites in apnoeic (OSA) and nonapnoeic subjects from five different regions of the brain with an objective to monitor the regional variation of cerebral metabolites in these patients.
Eisler's assertion "that sleep [is] a regressive phenomenon, a return to hypothetical preoral or apnoeic stage, such as might be imagined for the unborn child" (419).
The most dreaded situation during anaesthesia is cannot-ventilate-cannot-intubate (CVCI) situation in an apnoeic patient and can lead to life-threatening emergencies like hypoxic brain damage, even death.
Aspiration pneumonia, respiratory distress, apnoeic spells, hypoglycaemia and jaundice were recorded complications.
Intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) of an apnoeic patient is an essential part of respiratory support in anaesthesia and resuscitation.
pneumoniae septicaemia anaemia, distended abdomen and brown gastric aspirates (NEC) 88 Preterm, respiratory Possibly vomited and deterioration, P24 Ag test aspirated (milk was sucked pos, frequent watery stools from airways) 96 Preterm, apnoeic episodes, K.
The removal of the wakefulness drive to breathe renders ventilation dependent on the prevailing chemical stimuli and unmasks a highly sensitive hypocapnic apnoeic threshold (HAT).
Secondly, closure of the airway and an apnoeic interval during the pharyngeal phase prevents the bolus being sucked towards the negative pressure within the airway and finally, the sequential stripping action of the superior, middle and inferior pharyngeal constrictors moves the bolus into the upper oesophagus.
Specifically, nurses were apprehensive about the possibility of apnoeic spells and oxygen desaturation, dislodgement of intravenous lines and accidental extubation (Victor and Persoon 1994; Drosten-Brooks 1993; Gale et al 1993).
Temperature instability and apnoeic episodes were not seen as Stage 1 cases.
Initially, patients breathed spontaneously, and then ventilation was undertaken manually when patients became apnoeic.