Apologue

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Apologue

 

in ancient Greek and Oriental literature, a brief (as compared to the fable) morally instructive work constructed on the allegorical depiction of animals or plants.

A famous group of apologues is to be found in the collection of Indian tales the Panchatantra, written in Sanskrit and dating from the third century. In Arabic and Persian adaptions this work is known as Kalila and Dimna. Apologues occur in Russian poetry of the mid-18th and early 19th centuries—for example, in the works of I. I. Dmitriev.

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References in periodicals archive ?
"The Feminist Apologues of Lessing, Piercy, and Russ." Frontiers 4 (1979): 2-8.
The report describing this incident reads like a series of all-too-truthful apologues illustrating how detainees with mental illnesses slip through the cracks, wither, and die behind bars.
I am including the oral stories and fables and apologues of tribal societies and, indeed, of our own society.
de Bourbon, Anecdotes historigues, legendes, et apologues, iv.7.364, ed.
Chavannes, Cinq cent contes et apologues: extraits du Tripitaka Chinois (Pans, 1910-34) i.80-81: cf.
With such apologues Thackeray illustrates his arguments against an hereditary ruling class, which he puts forward in several places, notably in The Book of Snobs:
The contents of the work are varied; included are hymns to the Virgin and animal apologues as well as picaresque accounts of the author's love affairs and a description of a battle between Lord Flesh and Lady Lent, in which the latter is vanquished.
He is the author of books: Heeding the Constitution, Constitutional Apologues, Judging with Passion and Breaking New Ground.
Commenting on thematic parallels in several Albertian apologues, Rinaldi argues (less convincingly) that the lion is a figura Christi and the fox a figura diaboli.
L'exemplum est proche parent des fables et des apologues, mais avec cette difference qu'il semble credible, tandis que dans fables et apologues le recit est trop evidemment incroyable et que c'est son artifice meme qui nous invite a y chercher une verite cachee: ainsi, dans la fable, la convention d'animalite avertir le lecteur que si l'histoire parait absurde, sa morale du moins est valide.
Apologues and fictions were a popular form to which writers had recourse, and, in consequence of the great general political turmoil, minds, pushed toward the hope of social reforms, let themselves be swept along on the wave of aspirations by the same uncertainty which the future holds in these times.
Because the intercalated tales in The Pickwick Papers and Nicholas Nickleby are told during journeys, Dickens also seems to have had Chaucer in mind, conscious that just as the poet's journey-tale format accommodated a whole range of genres (fabliaux, Breton lays, apologues), so he could display his versatility in a similar way.