Apothegm

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Apothegm

 

a generalized, polished, and pithy saying attributed to a specific author. Examples are “Harmony creates friendship” (Democritus), “Education develops talents but does not create them” (Voltaire), and “A lie offends the listener and debases him in the speaker’s eyes” (Chekhov). An aphorism is a type of apothegm.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Still, if one surveys the apophthegms in the Alphabetical Collection, nearly half of those that mention it appear either among Poemen's own sayings or among sayings passed on by Poemen.(46) It is no accident that Douglas Burton-Christie, in his lengthy survey of themes in the Apophthegmata, devotes nearly his entire discussion of penthos to sayings from Poemen.(47)
In Prayer, Evagrius makes several statements that resonate with the value and function of the cell in the apophthegms. In the Sayings, Evagrius offers practical advice regarding how to use the cell and allow it to teach a monk the proper way to regard the spiritual world.
He wrote: It begins sufficiently well, but the author has hardly enunciated his preliminary apophthegms, when he conducts into an obscurity where we can hardly grope our way, and when we emerge from that, it is to be bewildered by his gorgeous but unsubstantial pictures of sagely perfection.
It is only about two-thirds as long as Dryden's version, chiefly because Johnson reduces Juvenal's satirical illustrations to terse, ironic apophthegms. But, at the beginning, Johnson launches expansively and moves forward at a stately pace: Let Observation with extensive View, Survey Mankind, from China to Peru; Remark each anxious Toil, each eager Strife, And watch the busy Scenes of crouded Life; Then say how Hope and Fear, Desire and Hate, O'erspread with Snares the clouded Maze of Fate.
If all the hadith are tendentious fictions arising, precisely as Bultmann said the gospel apophthegms did, as narrative interpretations of cryptic sayings (in this case, enigmatic or incoherent Koranic passages); if the archaeological evidence shows Mecca held no special prominence in the economy of the Hejaz (northwestern Arabia) at Muhammad's time; if the surprisingly numerous contemporary non-Islamic accounts of Islamic origins indicate there was only an Arab conquest, not yet a Muslim one, that the Islamic Shari'ah (Law code) had nothing originally to do with the Koran; if Muhammad was at first the herald of the Messiah 'Umar--where are we?
The topics covered include Homer, Simonides (the new Plataea elegy), Theognis, the `wisdom' genres of proverbs, maxims, and apophthegms, tragedy (Bacchae and Ion), the behaviour of Athenian theatre-audiences (an interesting piece by Wallace), and Aristotle's attitudes to the theatre.
The story is related not in the Lives, but in the Apophthegms.
(11) My two favorite Parker apophthegms expressing his resistance to textual formalism remain "`The Text Itself': Whatever That Is" (see n.
Albeit expressed in a variety of colourful apophthegms - "customer satisfaction engineering", "creating and keeping profitable customers", "selling goods that don't come back to people that do", etc.
Borgesian apophthegms sound wonderful but often prove difficult to apply.
2 'Middle English Apophthegms in a Caxton Volume', ELN, i (1963), 84; reprinted in C.
There is also a sense in which the tenor of Johnson's life is more accurately represented by a note arranging to meet his friend, John Taylor, on a Friday than by a string of apophthegms and bons mots culled from Boswell's Life.