apophysis


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apophysis

[ə′päf·ə·səs]
(anatomy)
An outgrowth or process on an organ or bone.
(mycology)
A swollen filament in fungi.
References in periodicals archive ?
Only studies involving injury to an apophysis of the pelvis were included.
Females with anteriorly situated, closely set epigynal teeth; males with strongly modified, broad patellar apophysis, reduced lateral tibial apophysis, short conductor, round, spoon-shaped median apophysis, and prolaterally originating embolus.
co = copulatory opening, e = embolus, fd = fertilization duct, RTA = retrolateral tibial apophysis, SD = sperm duct, sp = spermatheca, TL = proximal tegular lobe.
2, arrowed); tibia short, with curved ventral tibial apophysis (VTA) and relatively straight retrolateral tibial apophysis (LTA) (Fig.
The distal surface of blade smooth, straight, nearly in parallel with border membrane, and higher than the bluntly tangent point; the anterior and posterior margins of blade not very smooth and not parallel with each other; anterior margin of blade not extending beyond y+1 axis; posterior margin of blade L shaped with deep point; apophysis of blade present and posterior projection absent; central part not developed and cone-shaped with sharp point fitting loosely into preceding denticle and not extending half way to y-1 axis; shapes of the central part above and below the X-axis similar; ray connection very inconspicuous and barely distinguishable from ray; ray relatively thin, needle- shaped, obliquely attached and slanted a little posteriorly with a sharp point of ray.
Hyllus insularis, male, ocular area, frontal view (A), palp ventral view (B), palp lateral view (C), Lateral tibial apophysis (D).
Left paramere: moderately splayed out; relatively elongate, strongly sclerotized, distally recurved apophysis or posterior process; anterior process sclerotized, fingerlike projected medially and sitting flat in repose, hooked over proctiger; additional process on anterior dorsal margin present, moderate size, weakly pointed apically, oriented in plane of anterior and posterior processes; few elongate, bristlelike, ventrally projected setae medially along outer posterior margin of apophysis.
Hemispermatophore: basal portion very developed; distal lamina short and curved, smaller than the basal portion; distal crest parallel to and almost transversal to the posterior margin, with a transversal crest; internal lobe with a small bilobate apophysis in its external surface that is not connected with the laminar apophysis (Fig.
The apophysis is independent and those do not form a furca.
This condition is most common in 11- to 13-year-olds who play soccer, and is due to repetitive trauma and traction of the Achilles tendon on the apophysis.
The following abbreviations were used: measurements: CL--carapace length, CW--carapace width, TL--total length of body in dorsal view; eyes: AER--anterior eye row, ALE--anterior lateral eyes, AME anterior median eyes, LE--lateral eyes, ME--median eyes, MOQ--median ocular quadrangle, MOQAW--median ocular quadrangle anterior width, MOQL--median ocular quadrangle length, MOQPW--median ocular quadrangle posterior width, PE posterior eyes, PER--posterior eye row, PLE--posterior lateral eyes, PME--posterior median eyes; legs: Fe--femur, Mt--metatarsus, Pat--patella, Ta--tarsus, Tib--tibia; male genitalia: ITA--intermediate tibial apophysis, RTA--retrolateral tibial apophysis, VTA--ventral tibial apophysis.