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stroke, destruction of brain tissue as a result of intracerebral hemorrhage or infarction caused by thrombosis (clotting) or embolus (obstruction in a blood vessel caused by clotted blood or other foreign matter circulating in the bloodstream); formerly called apoplexy. Cerebral hemorrhage or thrombosis occurs most often in elderly persons with constricted arteries (see arteriosclerosis), although either may also be caused by inflammatory or toxic damage to the cerebral blood vessels. Cerebral embolism may occur at any age, even in children.

Symptoms of stroke develop suddenly. In cases of severe brain damage there may be deep coma, paralysis of one side of the body, and loss of speech, followed by death or permanent neurological disturbances after recovery. If the brain damage sustained has been slight, there is usually complete recovery, but most survivors of stroke require extensive rehabilitation. Hypertension, which is a major cause of intracranial hemorrhage and stroke, can be treated by preventive measures using diet (e.g., increasing nutrients such as antioxidants and folate), drug therapy, and stress reduction techniques. Other preventive measures for people at high risk include daily aspirin to retard clot formation and surgical correction of the narrowed carotid artery. Sometimes surgical removal of the clot is possible on larger vessels, but it is usually pointless after the stroke or when blockage is widespread. The thrombolytic drug tissue plasminogen activator, widely used to treat heart attacks, has been approved for use within three hours of the onset of strokes caused by clots.

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A symptom complex caused by an acute vascular lesion of the brain and characterized by unconsciousness with various degrees of paralysis and sensory impairment.
Sudden, severe hemorrhage into any organ.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


sudden loss of consciousness, often followed by paralysis, caused by rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel in the brain
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in classic literature ?
Instantly, by a feat of dexterity, which was the admiration of all the company, and had been, annually, for some years past, the apoplectic butler, bringing his left hand from behind the small of his back, produced the bottle with the corkscrew already inserted; uncorked it at a jerk; and placed the magnum and the cork before his master with the dignity of conscious cleverness.
With this singular contradiction of terms, brother Ned gave Tim Linkinwater a slap on the back, which made him look, for the moment, almost as apoplectic as the butler: and tossed off the contents of his glass in a twinkling.
When the foregoing speech was over--and it might have been much more elegant and much less to the purpose--the whole body of subordinates under command of the apoplectic butler gave three soft cheers; which, to that gentleman's great indignation, were not very regular, inasmuch as the women persisted in giving an immense number of little shrill hurrahs among themselves, in utter disregard of the time.
Manager Neil Warnock was apoplectic after referee Mike Dean reversed a decision to award the Bluebirds a penalty early in the second-half as they trailed their relegation rivals 1-0 in a game they could not afford to lose.
MSP Murdo Fraser was so apoplectic, in fact, that he issued a blistering 200-word diatribe on the issue.
The entire weekend they were apoplectic. But when Sunday afternoon arrived to their utter dismay, they came face to face with reasoned truth, and with their tails between their legs ran into the darkness of the woods once blazed by Hillary Clinton in the aftermath of her loss.
Gatland has every right to be apoplectic at the scheme, announced in the wake of his team's epic victory over England.
IN 1940 when invasion looked imminent and Britain refused to capitulate, Hitler went apoplectic.
In one scene Bruno, who died on Friday night, depicts Hitler in an apoplectic fury.
Theresa May abandoned Project Fear 2.0 designed to sell her Chequers plan because Brexiteers went apoplectic.
The United manager was so apoplectic with his team's dismal display he vowed some who figured against West Brom will not be selected against Spurs and 'phenomenal' performers in tomorrow's trip to Bournemouth will earn a place in his Wembley team.
Terence O'Byrne of the local community council said he was "apoplectic" at the finish and design of the new structures on the Perth Road Bridge.