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in religion: see heresyheresy,
in religion, especially in Christianity, beliefs or views held by a member of a church that contradict its orthodoxy, or core doctrines. It is distinguished from apostasy, which is a complete abandonment of faith that makes the apostate a deserter, or former member.
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See also Sacrilege.
Aholah and Aholibah
symbolize Samaria’s and Jerusalem’s abandonment to idols. [O.T.: Ezekiel 23:4]
heretical sect; advocated Manichaean dualism. [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 53]
4th-century heretical sect; denied Christ’s divinity. [Christian Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 43]
heretical group; always break eggs unlawfully at large end. [Br. Lit.: Gulliver’s Travels]
heretical Christian sect in 12th and 13th centuries; professed a neo-Manichaean dualism. [Christian Hist.: EB, II: 639]
Christian group in North Africa who broke with Catholicism (312). [Christian Hist.: EB, III: 618]
2nd- and 3rd-century Christian ascetic sect that retained a Jewish emphasis. [Christian Hist.: EB, III: 768]
doctrine declaring state is superior to the church in ecclesiastical affairs (1524–1543). [Christian Hist.: EB, III: 937]
Fires of Smithfield
Marian martyrs burnt at stake as heretics. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 1013]
heretical theological movement in Greco-Roman world of 2nd century. [Christian Hist.: EB, IV: 587]
Roman Catholic tribunal engaged in combating and suppressing heresy. [Christian Hist.: NCE, 1352]
unorthodox Roman Catholic movement of the 17th and 18th centuries led by Cornelius Jansen. [Christian Hist.: EB, V: 515]
Julian the Apostate
(331–363) Roman emperor, educated as a Christian but renounced Christianity when he became emperor. [Rom. Hist.: Benét, 533]
in late medieval England, a name given to followers of unorthodox philosopher John Wycliffe. [Christian Hist.: EB, VI: 306]
appellation of any heretic, Jew or non-Jew. [Judaism: Wigoder, 417]
heretical Christian sect who questioned the divine and human nature of Jesus. [Christian Hist.: EB, VI: 1003]
2nd-century heretical Christian movement led by prophet Montanus. [Christian Hist.: EB, VI: 1012]
3rd-century Christian heresy led by Sabellius. [Christian Hist.: EB, VIII: 747]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In part, this is because Nagasawa seems to reject as viable the kind of experience Rodrigues has, namely, that God in the person of Jesus speaks to him at the very moment he apostatizes. This is evident in the way Nagasawa poses the question to which his response is an answer:
As the above summaries indicate, in Banos Cervantes clearly copies Cautivos, just as Lope had copied Trato, but in his portrayal of the beleaguered boy captives he bests Lope in religious fervor and familial pathos by granting the terrible wish expressed by Juanico's mother and brother in Cautivos: that the child should seek martyrdom rather than apostatize and become his captor's garzon.
Negatively, the author threatens the prospect of eternal exclusion from salvation to any members who apostatize. This threat emerges specifically in the letter's doctrine of the impossibility of a second repentance.
This is especially true, perhaps, of Endo's Rodrigues who apostatizes and tramples the fumie principally in order to spare others--specifically, to spare Japanese lay Christians, not fellow clergy or himself--from suffering horrendous tortures.
In 1789 he contemplated going to Turkey to apostatize to Islam and there "take as many wives as my strength allowed me." He did not execute his wish, however, or so he confided to Inquisitor Gallarati Scotti, only because he found no way of escaping from Malta, "despite all the attempts I made." (65) In further confirmation of this irresistible libidinous urge, Don Michele Micallef of the parish of the annunciation (Balzan) claimed in 1749 that the Church "allows its priests to give vent to their passions and know carnally a woman once a month." (66)
Founder of the Baptist Church in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, Rathburn joined the Shaker sect along with the greater part of his congregation in 1781, only to apostatize a few months later when he failed to gain a leadership role in his new community.
Shari'a, in theory, provides for the death penalty for Muslims who apostatize; however, such punishment has never been applied in the country.
If the authority forces Orthodox believers to apostatize from Christ and his church and to commit sinful and spiritually harmful actions, the church should refuse to obey the state.
A cunning inquisitor, Inoue (Issei Ogata), insists that Christians make themselves known and apostatize or three will be taken and killed.
Under the tenets of Islam as propounded by Mohammed and enforced by most religious leaders who esteem him as Allah's Prophet, it is a capital offense to "apostatize" from that faith.
His literary remains are scanty, but quite significant, the most important being his |Canonical Letter' dealing with the discipline of those who apostatize in time of persecution, a work which has been widely believed to be connected with the beginnings of the Melitian schism.
They said even an implicit invitation to enter the church in the context of interreligious dialogue amounts to inviting the JewiSh participants to apostatize.