apostle


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Related to apostle: Apostle Paul, Apostle Islands, Apostille

apostle

(əpŏs`əl) [Gr.,=envoy], one of the prime missionaries of Christianity. The apostles of the first rank are saints PeterPeter, Saint,
d. A.D. 64?, most prominent of the Twelve Apostles, listed first in the Gospels, and traditionally the first bishop of Rome. His original name was Simon, but Jesus gave him the nickname Cephas [Aramaic, = rock], which was translated into Greek as Petros [Gr.
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, AndrewAndrew, Saint
[Gr.,=manly], in the New Testament, one of the Twelve Apostles, brother of Peter. According to tradition he was a missionary in Asia Minor, Macedonia, and S Russia. According to the apocryphal Acts of Andrew, he was martyred at Pátrai in Greece.
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, JamesJames, Saint,
d. c.A.D. 43, in the Bible, one of the Twelve Apostles, called St. James the Greater. He was the son of Zebedee and the brother of St. John; these brothers were the Boanerges, or Sons of Thunder. St. James was killed by Herod Agrippa I. Veneration of St.
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 (the Greater), JohnJohn, Saint,
one of the Twelve Apostles, traditional author of the fourth Gospel, three letters, and the Book of Revelation (see John, Gospel according to Saint; John, letters; Revelation); it is highly unlikely, however, that all five works were written by the same author.
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, ThomasThomas, Saint,
one of the Twelve Apostles, called Didymus. According to John, he refused to believe in the resurrection until he saw Jesus' wounds; hence the expression "doubting Thomas." John 11.16; 14.5; 20.24–29; 21.2.
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, JamesJames, Saint,
in the Bible, one of the Twelve Apostles, called St. James the Less or St. James the Little. He was the son of Alphaeus; his mother, Mary, was one of those at the cross and tomb. The Western Church identifies him with Saint James, "the Lord's brother.
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 (the Less), JudeJude, Saint,
or Saint Judas
[Jude is an English form to distinguish him from Judas Iscariot], in the New Testament, one of the Twelve Apostles, also called Thaddaeus. He is thought to have been the son or brother of St. James the Less.
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 (or Thaddaeus), PhilipPhilip, Saint,
one of the Twelve Apostles. Like Peter and Andrew, he came from Bethsaida in Galilee. He is mentioned several times in the New Testament (Mat. 10.3; John 1.43–51; 6.5,7; 12.21,22; 14.8,9; Acts 1.13).
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, BartholomewBartholomew, Saint
, in the New Testament, one of the Twelve Apostles, usually identified with Nathanael. Nathanael is a given name, Bartholomew an Aramaic patronymic meaning "son of Talmai." Tradition makes N India his missionary field and Armenia the place of his martyrdom by flaying.
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, MatthewMatthew, Saint,
in the New Testament, one of the Twelve Apostles. Also called Levi, he was a publican (tax collector) from Capernaum. Since the 2d cent. the first Gospel (see Matthew, Gospel according to) has been attributed to him, but the attribution is almost certainly
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, SimonSimon, Saint
, in the New Testament, one of the Twelve Apostles. In the Gospels he is called the Canaanite or Cananaean or Zelotes, synonymous terms referring probably to association with the sect of Zealots. Feast (with St. Jude): Oct. 28.
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, and MatthiasMatthias, Saint
, in the Bible, apostle chosen by lot to fill the place of Judas Iscariot. He is said in ancient tradition to have died a martyr at Colchis. Feast: Feb. 24.
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 (replacing Judas IscariotJudas Iscariot
, Jesus' betrayer, possibly from the village of Kerioth, the only Judaean disciple among the Twelve, and, according to the Gospel of St. John, their treasurer.
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). Traditionally the list of the Twelve Disciples includes Judas and not Matthias, and the list of the Twelve Apostles includes Matthias and not Judas. St. PaulPaul, Saint,
d. A.D. 64? or 67?, the apostle to the Gentiles, b. Tarsus, Asia Minor. He was a Jew. His father was a Roman citizen, probably of some means, and Paul was a tentmaker by trade. His Jewish name was Saul.
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 is always classed as an apostle, and so sometimes are a few others, such as St. BarnabasBarnabas, Saint
, Christian apostle. He was a Cypriot and a relative of St. Mark; his forename was Joseph. Several passages in the New Testament relate that Barnabas was a teacher and prophet in the church at Antioch and the companion of St. Paul on his first missionary journey.
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. The principal missionary to any country is often called its apostle, e.g., St. Patrick is the apostle of Ireland, and St. Augustine of Canterbury the apostle of England. For the Apostles' Creed, see creedcreed
[Lat. credo=I believe], summary of basic doctrines of faith. The following are historically important Christian creeds.

1 The Nicene Creed, beginning, "I believe in one God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and
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; for the Teaching of the Apostles, see DidacheDidache
[Gr.,=teaching], early Christian work written in Greek, called also The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles. Dates for its composition suggested by scholars have ranged from A.D. 50 to A.D. 150.
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; for the earliest account of their activities, see Acts of the ApostlesActs of the Apostles,
book of the New Testament. It is the only 1st-century account of the expansion of Christianity in its earliest period. It was written in Greek anonymously as early as c.A.D. 65, but more likely later in the century, as a sequel to the Gospel of St. Luke.
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.

Bibliography

See E. J. Goodspeed, The Twelve: The Story of Christ's Apostles (1957, repr. 1962).

apostle

1. one of the 12 disciples chosen by Christ to preach his gospel
2. any prominent Christian missionary, esp one who first converts a nation or people
3. Mormon Church a member of a council of twelve officials appointed to administer and preside over the Church
References in periodicals archive ?
Apostle Salako stated that he was moving to the APC with his political structures to rally support for the Governorship candidate of the party in the Saturday's election, Prince Dapo Abiodun and the candidates of the party in State House of Assembly Election?.
In his book "Modern Day Apostles" Che' Ahn takes the stance that we are living in a new apostolic age because God is restoring the truth that the gift of apostleship is for today.
As we waited, we discussed the programme with Apostle Elkana.
Still missing are the mosaics of Apostle Philip, that was in a fragmented state before the pillaging, an unidentified saint, the lower part of Christ`s body and a non-figural decorative fragment, she added.
Toward the end of his letter, Paul says, "Greet Andronicus and Junia[s], my relatives and my fellow prisoners; they are prominent among the apostles and they were in Christ before me."
80-85), Luke's Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles reflect a growing struggle over who may exercise authority in the early church.
Evans, who's been described as "The Welsh Tarantino" by Stevens in a previous interview, looks to have squeezed in some exciting fight scenes in Apostle, which has been causing much excitement among fans.
French tour operators, organized by "TAV Airports", visited the Republic of Macedonia and considered including Macedonia in their tours through the Balkans by establishing regular charter-flights to Ohrid airport "St Paul the Apostle".
Apostle Safo's inventions and creations disprove the idea that an African cannot make a car from foundation to finishing.
Especially in the movie's first twenty minutes or so, she had seen a lot of praise jigs, a lot of pulpit stomping and shouting, and for a girl whose main exposure to church has been mild evangelical and mainline Protestant settings, well, the churches of The Apostle might as well have been from a different religion entirely.
Apostle was clearly STRUGGLING for a FINAL burst iN the DYING strides that day aNd HAVING WON three times at SEVEN FURLONGS aNd oNce at six, it seems a mile just stretches his STAMINA.
Apostle was struggling for a final burst in the dying strides that day and, having won three times at seven furlongs and once at six, it seems a mile just stretches his stamina.