apostolic succession


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apostolic succession,

in Christian theology, the doctrine asserting that the chosen successors of the apostles enjoyed through God's grace the same authority, power, and responsibility as was conferred upon the apostles by Jesus. Therefore present-day bishops, as the successors of previous bishops, going back to the apostles, have this power by virtue of this unbroken chain. For the Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Anglican churches, this link with the apostles is what guarantees for them their authority in matters of faith, morals, and the valid administration of sacraments. Essential to maintaining the apostolic succession is the right consecration of bishops. Apostolic succession is to be distinguished from the Petrine supremacy (see papacypapacy
, office of the pope, head of the Roman Catholic Church. He is pope by reason of being bishop of Rome and thus, according to Roman Catholic belief, successor in the see of Rome (the Holy See) to its first bishop, St. Peter.
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). Protestants (other than Anglican) see the authority given to the apostles as unique, proper to them alone, and hence reject any doctrine of a succession of their power. The Protestant view of ecclesiastical authority differs accordingly. See orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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; churchchurch
[probably Gr.,=divine], aggregation of Christian believers. The traditional belief has the church the community of believers, living and dead, headed by Jesus, who founded it in the apostles. This is the doctrine of the mystical body of Christ (Eph. 1.22–23).
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.

succession, apostolic:

see apostolic successionapostolic succession,
in Christian theology, the doctrine asserting that the chosen successors of the apostles enjoyed through God's grace the same authority, power, and responsibility as was conferred upon the apostles by Jesus.
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.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Based on the Gospels of Mark and Luke, it is apostolic succession that specifies how the Catholic Church acquired its authority and its ability to save souls.
Continuity of Apostolicity through Apostolic Succession
Instead of emphasizing culture or social location, Rommen's Orthodox perspective emphasizes the context provided by the church, which includes the Bible, apostolic succession, liturgy, councils, lives of the saints, and iconography.
On April 21, he was conditionally ordained in the Polish National Catholic Church, where his holy orders and apostolic succession were confirmed.
The Church of Cyprus does not acknowledge as clerics any representatives of Greek Old Calendarists because the Church cannot trace their line of ordination back to the Twelve Apostles in what is called the apostolic succession.
What is the theological significance of handing over the apostolic succession? These are issues that will be debated in the next few weeks, but are our children being given the knowledge in school to join in that discussion?
THE TOPIC: For Roman Catholics, the papacy is simply the symbol of apostolic succession, an unbroken tradition handed down from Christ to St.
Luckily he died before his Church disowned the Anglo-Catholics by deciding it had the power to ordain women as priests and, within a few years, as bishops, thereby destroying the apostolic succession that was so important to those who agreed with Eliot's views.
They stress the apostolic succession of prophetesses in the Old and New Testament and call attention to the women of the apostolic times mentioned in Romans 16.
Chapter 6, "The Elaboration of the Roman Primacy," provides a basic overview of Leo's articulation of Roman primacy based on apostolic succession, which serves as the backdrop for Leo's ultimately failed opposition to canon 28.
They argue that only those ordained to the ministry of Word and Sacrament should be able to serve the Lord's Supper and they base it on the principle of apostolic succession, a view traditionally held by churches with bishops.
The second matter concerns apostolic succession. How can the Pope claim to be the successor of Peter when the hierarchy was an invention of the post-Apostolic Church, from "the late first and early second centuries"?